AWAKE

a proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration experiment at CERN

C. Bracco, L. D. Amorim, R. Assmann, F. Batsch, R. Bingham, G. Burt, B. Buttenschön, A. Butterworth, A. Caldwell, S. Chattopadhyay, S. Cipiccia, L. C. Deacon, S. Doebert, U. Dorda, E. Feldbaumer, R. A. Fonseca, V. Fedossev, B. Goddard, J. Grebenyuk, O. Grulke & 41 others E. Gschwendtner, J. Hansen, C. Hessler, W. Hofle, J. Holloway, D. Jaroszynski, M. Jenkins, L. Jensen, S. Jolly, R. Jones, M. F. Kasim, N. Lopes, K. Lotov, S. R. Mandry, M. Martyanov, M. Meddahi, O. Mete, V. Minakov, J. Moody, P. Muggli, Z. Najmudin, P. A. Norreys, E. Öz, A. Pardons, A. Petrenko, A. Pukhov, K. Rieger, O. Reimann, A. A. Seryi, E. Shaposhnikova, P. Sherwood, L. O. Silva, A. Sosedkin, R. Tarkeshian, R. M G M Trines, F. M. Velotti, J. Vieira, H. Vincke, C. Welsch, M. Wing, G. Xia

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Abstract

The AWAKE Collaboration has been formed in order to demonstrate proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration for the first time. This acceleration technique could lead to future colliders of high energy but of a much reduced length when compared to proposed linear accelerators. The CERN SPS proton beam in the CNGS facility will be injected into a 10 m plasma cell where the long proton bunches will be modulated into significantly shorter micro-bunches. These micro-bunches will then initiate a strong wakefield in the plasma with peak fields above 1 GV/m that will be harnessed to accelerate a bunch of electrons from about 20 MeV to the GeV scale within a few meters. The experimental program is based on detailed numerical simulations of beam and plasma interactions. The main accelerator components, the experimental area and infrastructure required as well as the plasma cell and the diagnostic equipment are discussed in detail. First protons to the experiment are expected at the end of 2016 and this will be followed by an initial three-four years experimental program. The experiment will inform future larger-scale tests of proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration and applications to high energy colliders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-180
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear and Particle Physics Proceedings
Volume273-275
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2016

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plasma acceleration
protons
beam interactions
plasma interactions
linear accelerators
cells
proton beams
accelerators
energy
electrons
simulation

Keywords

  • plasma
  • proof-of-principle
  • protons
  • self-modulation
  • wakefields

Cite this

Bracco, C. ; Amorim, L. D. ; Assmann, R. ; Batsch, F. ; Bingham, R. ; Burt, G. ; Buttenschön, B. ; Butterworth, A. ; Caldwell, A. ; Chattopadhyay, S. ; Cipiccia, S. ; Deacon, L. C. ; Doebert, S. ; Dorda, U. ; Feldbaumer, E. ; Fonseca, R. A. ; Fedossev, V. ; Goddard, B. ; Grebenyuk, J. ; Grulke, O. ; Gschwendtner, E. ; Hansen, J. ; Hessler, C. ; Hofle, W. ; Holloway, J. ; Jaroszynski, D. ; Jenkins, M. ; Jensen, L. ; Jolly, S. ; Jones, R. ; Kasim, M. F. ; Lopes, N. ; Lotov, K. ; Mandry, S. R. ; Martyanov, M. ; Meddahi, M. ; Mete, O. ; Minakov, V. ; Moody, J. ; Muggli, P. ; Najmudin, Z. ; Norreys, P. A. ; Öz, E. ; Pardons, A. ; Petrenko, A. ; Pukhov, A. ; Rieger, K. ; Reimann, O. ; Seryi, A. A. ; Shaposhnikova, E. ; Sherwood, P. ; Silva, L. O. ; Sosedkin, A. ; Tarkeshian, R. ; Trines, R. M G M ; Velotti, F. M. ; Vieira, J. ; Vincke, H. ; Welsch, C. ; Wing, M. ; Xia, G. / AWAKE : a proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration experiment at CERN. In: Nuclear and Particle Physics Proceedings. 2016 ; Vol. 273-275. pp. 175-180.
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abstract = "The AWAKE Collaboration has been formed in order to demonstrate proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration for the first time. This acceleration technique could lead to future colliders of high energy but of a much reduced length when compared to proposed linear accelerators. The CERN SPS proton beam in the CNGS facility will be injected into a 10 m plasma cell where the long proton bunches will be modulated into significantly shorter micro-bunches. These micro-bunches will then initiate a strong wakefield in the plasma with peak fields above 1 GV/m that will be harnessed to accelerate a bunch of electrons from about 20 MeV to the GeV scale within a few meters. The experimental program is based on detailed numerical simulations of beam and plasma interactions. The main accelerator components, the experimental area and infrastructure required as well as the plasma cell and the diagnostic equipment are discussed in detail. First protons to the experiment are expected at the end of 2016 and this will be followed by an initial three-four years experimental program. The experiment will inform future larger-scale tests of proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration and applications to high energy colliders.",
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author = "C. Bracco and Amorim, {L. D.} and R. Assmann and F. Batsch and R. Bingham and G. Burt and B. Buttensch{\"o}n and A. Butterworth and A. Caldwell and S. Chattopadhyay and S. Cipiccia and Deacon, {L. C.} and S. Doebert and U. Dorda and E. Feldbaumer and Fonseca, {R. A.} and V. Fedossev and B. Goddard and J. Grebenyuk and O. Grulke and E. Gschwendtner and J. Hansen and C. Hessler and W. Hofle and J. Holloway and D. Jaroszynski and M. Jenkins and L. Jensen and S. Jolly and R. Jones and Kasim, {M. F.} and N. Lopes and K. Lotov and Mandry, {S. R.} and M. Martyanov and M. Meddahi and O. Mete and V. Minakov and J. Moody and P. Muggli and Z. Najmudin and Norreys, {P. A.} and E. {\"O}z and A. Pardons and A. Petrenko and A. Pukhov and K. Rieger and O. Reimann and Seryi, {A. A.} and E. Shaposhnikova and P. Sherwood and Silva, {L. O.} and A. Sosedkin and R. Tarkeshian and Trines, {R. M G M} and Velotti, {F. M.} and J. Vieira and H. Vincke and C. Welsch and M. Wing and G. Xia",
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Bracco, C, Amorim, LD, Assmann, R, Batsch, F, Bingham, R, Burt, G, Buttenschön, B, Butterworth, A, Caldwell, A, Chattopadhyay, S, Cipiccia, S, Deacon, LC, Doebert, S, Dorda, U, Feldbaumer, E, Fonseca, RA, Fedossev, V, Goddard, B, Grebenyuk, J, Grulke, O, Gschwendtner, E, Hansen, J, Hessler, C, Hofle, W, Holloway, J, Jaroszynski, D, Jenkins, M, Jensen, L, Jolly, S, Jones, R, Kasim, MF, Lopes, N, Lotov, K, Mandry, SR, Martyanov, M, Meddahi, M, Mete, O, Minakov, V, Moody, J, Muggli, P, Najmudin, Z, Norreys, PA, Öz, E, Pardons, A, Petrenko, A, Pukhov, A, Rieger, K, Reimann, O, Seryi, AA, Shaposhnikova, E, Sherwood, P, Silva, LO, Sosedkin, A, Tarkeshian, R, Trines, RMGM, Velotti, FM, Vieira, J, Vincke, H, Welsch, C, Wing, M & Xia, G 2016, 'AWAKE: a proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration experiment at CERN', Nuclear and Particle Physics Proceedings, vol. 273-275, pp. 175-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysbps.2015.09.022

AWAKE : a proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration experiment at CERN. / Bracco, C.; Amorim, L. D.; Assmann, R.; Batsch, F.; Bingham, R.; Burt, G.; Buttenschön, B.; Butterworth, A.; Caldwell, A.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Cipiccia, S.; Deacon, L. C.; Doebert, S.; Dorda, U.; Feldbaumer, E.; Fonseca, R. A.; Fedossev, V.; Goddard, B.; Grebenyuk, J.; Grulke, O.; Gschwendtner, E.; Hansen, J.; Hessler, C.; Hofle, W.; Holloway, J.; Jaroszynski, D.; Jenkins, M.; Jensen, L.; Jolly, S.; Jones, R.; Kasim, M. F.; Lopes, N.; Lotov, K.; Mandry, S. R.; Martyanov, M.; Meddahi, M.; Mete, O.; Minakov, V.; Moody, J.; Muggli, P.; Najmudin, Z.; Norreys, P. A.; Öz, E.; Pardons, A.; Petrenko, A.; Pukhov, A.; Rieger, K.; Reimann, O.; Seryi, A. A.; Shaposhnikova, E.; Sherwood, P.; Silva, L. O.; Sosedkin, A.; Tarkeshian, R.; Trines, R. M G M; Velotti, F. M.; Vieira, J.; Vincke, H.; Welsch, C.; Wing, M.; Xia, G.

In: Nuclear and Particle Physics Proceedings, Vol. 273-275, 31.05.2016, p. 175-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - AWAKE

T2 - a proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration experiment at CERN

AU - Bracco, C.

AU - Amorim, L. D.

AU - Assmann, R.

AU - Batsch, F.

AU - Bingham, R.

AU - Burt, G.

AU - Buttenschön, B.

AU - Butterworth, A.

AU - Caldwell, A.

AU - Chattopadhyay, S.

AU - Cipiccia, S.

AU - Deacon, L. C.

AU - Doebert, S.

AU - Dorda, U.

AU - Feldbaumer, E.

AU - Fonseca, R. A.

AU - Fedossev, V.

AU - Goddard, B.

AU - Grebenyuk, J.

AU - Grulke, O.

AU - Gschwendtner, E.

AU - Hansen, J.

AU - Hessler, C.

AU - Hofle, W.

AU - Holloway, J.

AU - Jaroszynski, D.

AU - Jenkins, M.

AU - Jensen, L.

AU - Jolly, S.

AU - Jones, R.

AU - Kasim, M. F.

AU - Lopes, N.

AU - Lotov, K.

AU - Mandry, S. R.

AU - Martyanov, M.

AU - Meddahi, M.

AU - Mete, O.

AU - Minakov, V.

AU - Moody, J.

AU - Muggli, P.

AU - Najmudin, Z.

AU - Norreys, P. A.

AU - Öz, E.

AU - Pardons, A.

AU - Petrenko, A.

AU - Pukhov, A.

AU - Rieger, K.

AU - Reimann, O.

AU - Seryi, A. A.

AU - Shaposhnikova, E.

AU - Sherwood, P.

AU - Silva, L. O.

AU - Sosedkin, A.

AU - Tarkeshian, R.

AU - Trines, R. M G M

AU - Velotti, F. M.

AU - Vieira, J.

AU - Vincke, H.

AU - Welsch, C.

AU - Wing, M.

AU - Xia, G.

PY - 2016/5/31

Y1 - 2016/5/31

N2 - The AWAKE Collaboration has been formed in order to demonstrate proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration for the first time. This acceleration technique could lead to future colliders of high energy but of a much reduced length when compared to proposed linear accelerators. The CERN SPS proton beam in the CNGS facility will be injected into a 10 m plasma cell where the long proton bunches will be modulated into significantly shorter micro-bunches. These micro-bunches will then initiate a strong wakefield in the plasma with peak fields above 1 GV/m that will be harnessed to accelerate a bunch of electrons from about 20 MeV to the GeV scale within a few meters. The experimental program is based on detailed numerical simulations of beam and plasma interactions. The main accelerator components, the experimental area and infrastructure required as well as the plasma cell and the diagnostic equipment are discussed in detail. First protons to the experiment are expected at the end of 2016 and this will be followed by an initial three-four years experimental program. The experiment will inform future larger-scale tests of proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration and applications to high energy colliders.

AB - The AWAKE Collaboration has been formed in order to demonstrate proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration for the first time. This acceleration technique could lead to future colliders of high energy but of a much reduced length when compared to proposed linear accelerators. The CERN SPS proton beam in the CNGS facility will be injected into a 10 m plasma cell where the long proton bunches will be modulated into significantly shorter micro-bunches. These micro-bunches will then initiate a strong wakefield in the plasma with peak fields above 1 GV/m that will be harnessed to accelerate a bunch of electrons from about 20 MeV to the GeV scale within a few meters. The experimental program is based on detailed numerical simulations of beam and plasma interactions. The main accelerator components, the experimental area and infrastructure required as well as the plasma cell and the diagnostic equipment are discussed in detail. First protons to the experiment are expected at the end of 2016 and this will be followed by an initial three-four years experimental program. The experiment will inform future larger-scale tests of proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration and applications to high energy colliders.

KW - plasma

KW - proof-of-principle

KW - protons

KW - self-modulation

KW - wakefields

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84973109180&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://ichep2014.es/

U2 - 10.1016/j.nuclphysbps.2015.09.022

DO - 10.1016/j.nuclphysbps.2015.09.022

M3 - Article

VL - 273-275

SP - 175

EP - 180

JO - Nuclear and Particle Physics Proceedings

JF - Nuclear and Particle Physics Proceedings

SN - 2405-6014

ER -