Augmented reality in support of Industry 4.0-implementation challenges and success factors

Tariq Masood, Johannes Egger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

272 Citations (Scopus)
182 Downloads (Pure)


Industrial augmented reality (AR) is an integral part of Industry 4.0 concepts, as it enables workers to access digital information and overlay that information with the physical world. While not being broadly adopted in some applications, the compound annual growth rate of the industrial AR market is projected to grow rapidly. Hence, it is important to understand the issues arising from implementation of AR in industry. This study identifies critical success factors and challenges for industrial AR implementation projects, based on an industry survey. The broadly used technology, organisation, environment (TOE) framework is used as a theoretical basis for the quantitative part of the questionnaire. A complementary qualitative part is used to underpin and extend the findings. It is found that, while technological aspects are of importance, organisational issues are more relevant for industry, which has not been reflected to the same extent in literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-195
Number of pages15
JournalRobotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing
Early online date11 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2019


  • augmented reality
  • challenges
  • critical success factors
  • cyber-physical systems
  • environment
  • industrial digitalisation
  • Industry 4.0
  • internet of things
  • IoT
  • manufacturing
  • organisation
  • smart factory
  • survey
  • technology
  • TOE
  • visualisation


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