Attosecond single-cycle undulator light: a review

Alan Mak, Georgii Shamuilov, Peter Salén, David Dunning, János Hebling, Yuichiro Kida, Ryota Kinjo, Brian W J McNeil, Takashi Tanaka, Neil Thompson, Zoltan Tibai, Gyorgy Toth, Vitaliy Goryashko

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research at modern light sources continues to improve our knowledge of the natural world, from the subtle workings of life to matter under extreme conditions. Free-electron lasers, for instance, have enabled the characterization of biomolecular structures with sub-angstrom spatial resolution, and paved the way to controlling the molecular functions. On the other hand, attosecond temporal resolution is necessary to broaden our scope of the ultrafast world. Here we discuss attosecond pulse generation beyond present capabilities. Furthermore, we review three recently proposed methods of generating attosecond x-ray pulses. These novel methods exploit the coherent radiation of microbunched electrons in undulators and the tailoring of the emitted wavefronts. The computed pulse energy outperforms pre-existing technologies by three orders of magnitude. Specifically, our simulations of the proposed Soft X-ray Laser at MAX IV (Lund, Sweden) show that a pulse duration of 50-100 as and a pulse energy up to 5 μJ is feasible with the novel methods. In addition, the methods feature pulse shape control, enable the incorporation of orbital angular momentum, and can be used in combination with modern compact free-electron laser setups.

LanguageEnglish
Article number025901
Number of pages18
JournalReports on Progress in Physics
Volume82
Issue number2
Early online date21 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2019

Fingerprint

cycles
pulses
free electron lasers
shape control
coherent radiation
Sweden
temporal resolution
light sources
pulse duration
x rays
angular momentum
spatial resolution
orbitals
energy
lasers
electrons
simulation

Keywords

  • free-electron lasers
  • mode locking
  • undulator radiation
  • UV and X-Ray lasers
  • ultrafast optics
  • charge migration in molecules
  • attosecond pump-probe capabilities

Cite this

Mak, A., Shamuilov, G., Salén, P., Dunning, D., Hebling, J., Kida, Y., ... Goryashko, V. (2019). Attosecond single-cycle undulator light: a review. Reports on Progress in Physics, 82(2), [025901]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6633/aafa35
Mak, Alan ; Shamuilov, Georgii ; Salén, Peter ; Dunning, David ; Hebling, János ; Kida, Yuichiro ; Kinjo, Ryota ; McNeil, Brian W J ; Tanaka, Takashi ; Thompson, Neil ; Tibai, Zoltan ; Toth, Gyorgy ; Goryashko, Vitaliy. / Attosecond single-cycle undulator light : a review. In: Reports on Progress in Physics. 2019 ; Vol. 82, No. 2.
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abstract = "Research at modern light sources continues to improve our knowledge of the natural world, from the subtle workings of life to matter under extreme conditions. Free-electron lasers, for instance, have enabled the characterization of biomolecular structures with sub-angstrom spatial resolution, and paved the way to controlling the molecular functions. On the other hand, attosecond temporal resolution is necessary to broaden our scope of the ultrafast world. Here we discuss attosecond pulse generation beyond present capabilities. Furthermore, we review three recently proposed methods of generating attosecond x-ray pulses. These novel methods exploit the coherent radiation of microbunched electrons in undulators and the tailoring of the emitted wavefronts. The computed pulse energy outperforms pre-existing technologies by three orders of magnitude. Specifically, our simulations of the proposed Soft X-ray Laser at MAX IV (Lund, Sweden) show that a pulse duration of 50-100 as and a pulse energy up to 5 μJ is feasible with the novel methods. In addition, the methods feature pulse shape control, enable the incorporation of orbital angular momentum, and can be used in combination with modern compact free-electron laser setups.",
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Mak, A, Shamuilov, G, Salén, P, Dunning, D, Hebling, J, Kida, Y, Kinjo, R, McNeil, BWJ, Tanaka, T, Thompson, N, Tibai, Z, Toth, G & Goryashko, V 2019, 'Attosecond single-cycle undulator light: a review' Reports on Progress in Physics, vol. 82, no. 2, 025901. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6633/aafa35

Attosecond single-cycle undulator light : a review. / Mak, Alan; Shamuilov, Georgii; Salén, Peter ; Dunning, David; Hebling, János; Kida, Yuichiro; Kinjo, Ryota; McNeil, Brian W J; Tanaka, Takashi; Thompson, Neil; Tibai, Zoltan; Toth, Gyorgy; Goryashko, Vitaliy.

In: Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol. 82, No. 2, 025901, 28.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Attosecond single-cycle undulator light

T2 - Reports on Progress in Physics

AU - Mak, Alan

AU - Shamuilov, Georgii

AU - Salén, Peter

AU - Dunning, David

AU - Hebling, János

AU - Kida, Yuichiro

AU - Kinjo, Ryota

AU - McNeil, Brian W J

AU - Tanaka, Takashi

AU - Thompson, Neil

AU - Tibai, Zoltan

AU - Toth, Gyorgy

AU - Goryashko, Vitaliy

PY - 2019/2/28

Y1 - 2019/2/28

N2 - Research at modern light sources continues to improve our knowledge of the natural world, from the subtle workings of life to matter under extreme conditions. Free-electron lasers, for instance, have enabled the characterization of biomolecular structures with sub-angstrom spatial resolution, and paved the way to controlling the molecular functions. On the other hand, attosecond temporal resolution is necessary to broaden our scope of the ultrafast world. Here we discuss attosecond pulse generation beyond present capabilities. Furthermore, we review three recently proposed methods of generating attosecond x-ray pulses. These novel methods exploit the coherent radiation of microbunched electrons in undulators and the tailoring of the emitted wavefronts. The computed pulse energy outperforms pre-existing technologies by three orders of magnitude. Specifically, our simulations of the proposed Soft X-ray Laser at MAX IV (Lund, Sweden) show that a pulse duration of 50-100 as and a pulse energy up to 5 μJ is feasible with the novel methods. In addition, the methods feature pulse shape control, enable the incorporation of orbital angular momentum, and can be used in combination with modern compact free-electron laser setups.

AB - Research at modern light sources continues to improve our knowledge of the natural world, from the subtle workings of life to matter under extreme conditions. Free-electron lasers, for instance, have enabled the characterization of biomolecular structures with sub-angstrom spatial resolution, and paved the way to controlling the molecular functions. On the other hand, attosecond temporal resolution is necessary to broaden our scope of the ultrafast world. Here we discuss attosecond pulse generation beyond present capabilities. Furthermore, we review three recently proposed methods of generating attosecond x-ray pulses. These novel methods exploit the coherent radiation of microbunched electrons in undulators and the tailoring of the emitted wavefronts. The computed pulse energy outperforms pre-existing technologies by three orders of magnitude. Specifically, our simulations of the proposed Soft X-ray Laser at MAX IV (Lund, Sweden) show that a pulse duration of 50-100 as and a pulse energy up to 5 μJ is feasible with the novel methods. In addition, the methods feature pulse shape control, enable the incorporation of orbital angular momentum, and can be used in combination with modern compact free-electron laser setups.

KW - free-electron lasers

KW - mode locking

KW - undulator radiation

KW - UV and X-Ray lasers

KW - ultrafast optics

KW - charge migration in molecules

KW - attosecond pump-probe capabilities

UR - https://iopscience.iop.org/journal/0034-4885

U2 - 10.1088/1361-6633/aafa35

DO - 10.1088/1361-6633/aafa35

M3 - Review article

VL - 82

JO - Reports on Progress in Physics

JF - Reports on Progress in Physics

SN - 0034-4885

IS - 2

M1 - 025901

ER -

Mak A, Shamuilov G, Salén P, Dunning D, Hebling J, Kida Y et al. Attosecond single-cycle undulator light: a review. Reports on Progress in Physics. 2019 Feb 28;82(2). 025901. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6633/aafa35