Multiple microRNAs (miRNAs) are detected in a microarray format using a novel approach that combines a surface enzyme reaction with nanoparticle-amplified SPR imaging (SPRI). The surface reaction of poly(A) polymerase creates poly(A) tails on miRNAs hybridized onto locked nucleic acid (LNA) microarrays. DNA-modified nanoparticles are then adsorbed onto the poly(A) tails and detected with SPRI. This ultrasensitive nanoparticle-amplified SPRI methodology can be used for miRNA profiling at attomole levels.
- small RNA molecules
- surface polyadenylation reactions