Attitude dynamics of classical dumbbell problem with solar radiation pressure

Andreas Borggrafe, Jeannette Heiligers, Colin McInnes, Matteo Ceriotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This work extends the attitude dynamics and stability properties of the classical planar dumbbell problem, namely, two masses connected by a rigid massless tether [1–3], by considering the effect of a solar radiation pressure (SRP) gradient between the tip masses. In principle, this SRP gradient can be used as a means of attitude station keeping of tethered satellite systems, without the need for mechanical systems or thrusters to maintain a fixed attitude. Attitude stabilization of a satellite by SRP was first proposed in 1959 [4] and was studied
further in 1965 [5], the latter of which considered differential reflectivity on the spacecraft due to local surface irregularities. Since then, the concept of employing differential SRP for semipassive attitude control and stabilization of tethered satellites, for example, using articulated reflective surfaces, was investigated in [6].
This work adapts the widely used model of a tethered satellite system [7,8] by introducing SRP forces to the tip masses, acting in the radial direction from the Sun. Therefore, lightness numbers are assigned to the masses, which is equivalent to assigning a variable surface reflectivity. This can be achieved, for example, using electrochromic coatings that consist of an electroactive material that changes its surface reflectivity according to an applied electric potential [9,10]. When a long tether is orbiting a central body, the relative attitude of the system affects the total force acting on the dumbbell’s center of mass (c.m.). This means that the equations of motion (EOM) describing the orbit and attitude of the system are coupled [11].
LanguageEnglish
Pages168-173
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics
Volume38
Issue number1
Early online date29 Oct 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015

Fingerprint

Solar Radiation
radiation pressure
solar radiation
Solar radiation
tethered satellites
Reflectivity
Satellites
reflectivity
Pressure Gradient
Pressure gradient
pressure gradient
reflectance
pressure gradients
stabilization
Stabilization
Attitude Control
Electric Potential
Attitude control
Irregularity
Barycentre

Keywords

  • dynamics and control
  • classic dumbbell problem
  • solar radiation
  • radiation pressure

Cite this

Borggrafe, Andreas ; Heiligers, Jeannette ; McInnes, Colin ; Ceriotti, Matteo. / Attitude dynamics of classical dumbbell problem with solar radiation pressure. In: Journal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics. 2015 ; Vol. 38, No. 1. pp. 168-173.
@article{0ca7edcd00a549e3ba4f79e44eafef36,
title = "Attitude dynamics of classical dumbbell problem with solar radiation pressure",
abstract = "This work extends the attitude dynamics and stability properties of the classical planar dumbbell problem, namely, two masses connected by a rigid massless tether [1–3], by considering the effect of a solar radiation pressure (SRP) gradient between the tip masses. In principle, this SRP gradient can be used as a means of attitude station keeping of tethered satellite systems, without the need for mechanical systems or thrusters to maintain a fixed attitude. Attitude stabilization of a satellite by SRP was first proposed in 1959 [4] and was studiedfurther in 1965 [5], the latter of which considered differential reflectivity on the spacecraft due to local surface irregularities. Since then, the concept of employing differential SRP for semipassive attitude control and stabilization of tethered satellites, for example, using articulated reflective surfaces, was investigated in [6].This work adapts the widely used model of a tethered satellite system [7,8] by introducing SRP forces to the tip masses, acting in the radial direction from the Sun. Therefore, lightness numbers are assigned to the masses, which is equivalent to assigning a variable surface reflectivity. This can be achieved, for example, using electrochromic coatings that consist of an electroactive material that changes its surface reflectivity according to an applied electric potential [9,10]. When a long tether is orbiting a central body, the relative attitude of the system affects the total force acting on the dumbbell’s center of mass (c.m.). This means that the equations of motion (EOM) describing the orbit and attitude of the system are coupled [11].",
keywords = "dynamics and control, classic dumbbell problem, solar radiation, radiation pressure",
author = "Andreas Borggrafe and Jeannette Heiligers and Colin McInnes and Matteo Ceriotti",
note = "Copyright owned by all authors",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
doi = "10.2514/1.G000392",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "168--173",
journal = "Journal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics",
issn = "0731-5090",
number = "1",

}

Attitude dynamics of classical dumbbell problem with solar radiation pressure. / Borggrafe, Andreas; Heiligers, Jeannette; McInnes, Colin; Ceriotti, Matteo.

In: Journal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics, Vol. 38, No. 1, 01.2015, p. 168-173.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Attitude dynamics of classical dumbbell problem with solar radiation pressure

AU - Borggrafe, Andreas

AU - Heiligers, Jeannette

AU - McInnes, Colin

AU - Ceriotti, Matteo

N1 - Copyright owned by all authors

PY - 2015/1

Y1 - 2015/1

N2 - This work extends the attitude dynamics and stability properties of the classical planar dumbbell problem, namely, two masses connected by a rigid massless tether [1–3], by considering the effect of a solar radiation pressure (SRP) gradient between the tip masses. In principle, this SRP gradient can be used as a means of attitude station keeping of tethered satellite systems, without the need for mechanical systems or thrusters to maintain a fixed attitude. Attitude stabilization of a satellite by SRP was first proposed in 1959 [4] and was studiedfurther in 1965 [5], the latter of which considered differential reflectivity on the spacecraft due to local surface irregularities. Since then, the concept of employing differential SRP for semipassive attitude control and stabilization of tethered satellites, for example, using articulated reflective surfaces, was investigated in [6].This work adapts the widely used model of a tethered satellite system [7,8] by introducing SRP forces to the tip masses, acting in the radial direction from the Sun. Therefore, lightness numbers are assigned to the masses, which is equivalent to assigning a variable surface reflectivity. This can be achieved, for example, using electrochromic coatings that consist of an electroactive material that changes its surface reflectivity according to an applied electric potential [9,10]. When a long tether is orbiting a central body, the relative attitude of the system affects the total force acting on the dumbbell’s center of mass (c.m.). This means that the equations of motion (EOM) describing the orbit and attitude of the system are coupled [11].

AB - This work extends the attitude dynamics and stability properties of the classical planar dumbbell problem, namely, two masses connected by a rigid massless tether [1–3], by considering the effect of a solar radiation pressure (SRP) gradient between the tip masses. In principle, this SRP gradient can be used as a means of attitude station keeping of tethered satellite systems, without the need for mechanical systems or thrusters to maintain a fixed attitude. Attitude stabilization of a satellite by SRP was first proposed in 1959 [4] and was studiedfurther in 1965 [5], the latter of which considered differential reflectivity on the spacecraft due to local surface irregularities. Since then, the concept of employing differential SRP for semipassive attitude control and stabilization of tethered satellites, for example, using articulated reflective surfaces, was investigated in [6].This work adapts the widely used model of a tethered satellite system [7,8] by introducing SRP forces to the tip masses, acting in the radial direction from the Sun. Therefore, lightness numbers are assigned to the masses, which is equivalent to assigning a variable surface reflectivity. This can be achieved, for example, using electrochromic coatings that consist of an electroactive material that changes its surface reflectivity according to an applied electric potential [9,10]. When a long tether is orbiting a central body, the relative attitude of the system affects the total force acting on the dumbbell’s center of mass (c.m.). This means that the equations of motion (EOM) describing the orbit and attitude of the system are coupled [11].

KW - dynamics and control

KW - classic dumbbell problem

KW - solar radiation

KW - radiation pressure

UR - http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/1.G000392

U2 - 10.2514/1.G000392

DO - 10.2514/1.G000392

M3 - Article

VL - 38

SP - 168

EP - 173

JO - Journal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics

T2 - Journal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics

JF - Journal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics

SN - 0731-5090

IS - 1

ER -