We discuss how large three-body loss of atoms in an optical lattice can give rise to effective hard-core three-body interactions. For bosons, in addition to the usual atomic superfluid, a dimer superfluid can then be observed for attractive two-body interactions. The nonequilibrium dynamics of preparation and stability of these phases are studied in 1D by combining time-dependent density matrix renormalization group techniques with a quantum trajectories method.
- optical lattice
- atomic superfluid