Atmospheric reentry modelling using an open source DSMC code

Rodrigo Cassineli Palharini

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

Abstract

Aerothermodynamic investigations of hypersonic re-entry vehicles provides crucial information to other key disciplines as structures and materials, assisting the development of efficient and lightweight thermal protection systems (TPS). Under the transitional flow regime, where chemical and thermal nonequilibrium are predominant, the most successful numerical method for such studies has been the direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) numerical technique. In the present work, the solver dsmcFoam has been benchmarked against experimental, numerical, and theoretical data found in the open literature for inert and chemically reactive flows. The Quantum-Kinetic (QK) chemistry model with a full set of 19 chemical reactions has been implemented into the code and it proved to be essential in the correct prediction of the shock wave structure and heating flux to the vehicle’s surface during the re-entry phase. Having implemented the QK chemistry model, the dsmcF oam solver was employed to investigate thermal protection system discontinuities. These TPS discontinuities, representative of panel-to-panel joints or the impact of micro meteorites/ice droplets, were modelled as a family of cavities with different length-to-depth ratios. The results showed that the cavity length has a significant impact on the flowfield structure and aerodynamic surface quantities distribution inside and around the cavities. In addition, for L/D = 5, the flow separates at the cavity upstream lip and attaches to the cavity bottom surface, representing a potentially catastrophic feature under rarefied gas conditions. Furthermore, the same phenomena is only observed in the continuum regime when L/D > 14.
LanguageEnglish
QualificationPhD
Awarding Institution
  • University Of Strathclyde
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Scanlon, Thomas, Supervisor
Thesis sponsors
Award date30 Sep 2014
Place of PublicationGlasgow
Publisher
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014

Fingerprint

Direct Simulation Monte Carlo
Reentry
Open Source
Cavity
Modeling
Chemistry
Meteorites
Discontinuity
Kinetics
Hypersonic aerodynamics
Rarefied Gas
Shock waves
Monte Carlo Techniques
Ice
Chemical reactions
Numerical methods
Aerodynamics
Numerical Techniques
Chemical Reaction
Shock Waves

Keywords

  • DSMC
  • open source software
  • reentry modelling
  • trajectory modeling

Cite this

Cassineli Palharini, R. (2014). Atmospheric reentry modelling using an open source DSMC code. Glasgow: University of Strathclyde.
Cassineli Palharini, Rodrigo. / Atmospheric reentry modelling using an open source DSMC code. Glasgow : University of Strathclyde, 2014. 183 p.
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abstract = "Aerothermodynamic investigations of hypersonic re-entry vehicles provides crucial information to other key disciplines as structures and materials, assisting the development of efficient and lightweight thermal protection systems (TPS). Under the transitional flow regime, where chemical and thermal nonequilibrium are predominant, the most successful numerical method for such studies has been the direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) numerical technique. In the present work, the solver dsmcFoam has been benchmarked against experimental, numerical, and theoretical data found in the open literature for inert and chemically reactive flows. The Quantum-Kinetic (QK) chemistry model with a full set of 19 chemical reactions has been implemented into the code and it proved to be essential in the correct prediction of the shock wave structure and heating flux to the vehicle’s surface during the re-entry phase. Having implemented the QK chemistry model, the dsmcF oam solver was employed to investigate thermal protection system discontinuities. These TPS discontinuities, representative of panel-to-panel joints or the impact of micro meteorites/ice droplets, were modelled as a family of cavities with different length-to-depth ratios. The results showed that the cavity length has a significant impact on the flowfield structure and aerodynamic surface quantities distribution inside and around the cavities. In addition, for L/D = 5, the flow separates at the cavity upstream lip and attaches to the cavity bottom surface, representing a potentially catastrophic feature under rarefied gas conditions. Furthermore, the same phenomena is only observed in the continuum regime when L/D > 14.",
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Cassineli Palharini, R 2014, 'Atmospheric reentry modelling using an open source DSMC code', PhD, University Of Strathclyde, Glasgow.

Atmospheric reentry modelling using an open source DSMC code. / Cassineli Palharini, Rodrigo.

Glasgow : University of Strathclyde, 2014. 183 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

TY - THES

T1 - Atmospheric reentry modelling using an open source DSMC code

AU - Cassineli Palharini, Rodrigo

N1 - The copyright of this thesis belongs to the author under the terms of the United Kingdom Copyright Acts as qualified by University of Strathclyde Regulation 3.50. Due acknowledgement must always be made of the use of any material contained in, or derived from, this thesis.

PY - 2014/9

Y1 - 2014/9

N2 - Aerothermodynamic investigations of hypersonic re-entry vehicles provides crucial information to other key disciplines as structures and materials, assisting the development of efficient and lightweight thermal protection systems (TPS). Under the transitional flow regime, where chemical and thermal nonequilibrium are predominant, the most successful numerical method for such studies has been the direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) numerical technique. In the present work, the solver dsmcFoam has been benchmarked against experimental, numerical, and theoretical data found in the open literature for inert and chemically reactive flows. The Quantum-Kinetic (QK) chemistry model with a full set of 19 chemical reactions has been implemented into the code and it proved to be essential in the correct prediction of the shock wave structure and heating flux to the vehicle’s surface during the re-entry phase. Having implemented the QK chemistry model, the dsmcF oam solver was employed to investigate thermal protection system discontinuities. These TPS discontinuities, representative of panel-to-panel joints or the impact of micro meteorites/ice droplets, were modelled as a family of cavities with different length-to-depth ratios. The results showed that the cavity length has a significant impact on the flowfield structure and aerodynamic surface quantities distribution inside and around the cavities. In addition, for L/D = 5, the flow separates at the cavity upstream lip and attaches to the cavity bottom surface, representing a potentially catastrophic feature under rarefied gas conditions. Furthermore, the same phenomena is only observed in the continuum regime when L/D > 14.

AB - Aerothermodynamic investigations of hypersonic re-entry vehicles provides crucial information to other key disciplines as structures and materials, assisting the development of efficient and lightweight thermal protection systems (TPS). Under the transitional flow regime, where chemical and thermal nonequilibrium are predominant, the most successful numerical method for such studies has been the direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) numerical technique. In the present work, the solver dsmcFoam has been benchmarked against experimental, numerical, and theoretical data found in the open literature for inert and chemically reactive flows. The Quantum-Kinetic (QK) chemistry model with a full set of 19 chemical reactions has been implemented into the code and it proved to be essential in the correct prediction of the shock wave structure and heating flux to the vehicle’s surface during the re-entry phase. Having implemented the QK chemistry model, the dsmcF oam solver was employed to investigate thermal protection system discontinuities. These TPS discontinuities, representative of panel-to-panel joints or the impact of micro meteorites/ice droplets, were modelled as a family of cavities with different length-to-depth ratios. The results showed that the cavity length has a significant impact on the flowfield structure and aerodynamic surface quantities distribution inside and around the cavities. In addition, for L/D = 5, the flow separates at the cavity upstream lip and attaches to the cavity bottom surface, representing a potentially catastrophic feature under rarefied gas conditions. Furthermore, the same phenomena is only observed in the continuum regime when L/D > 14.

KW - DSMC

KW - open source software

KW - reentry modelling

KW - trajectory modeling

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

PB - University of Strathclyde

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Cassineli Palharini R. Atmospheric reentry modelling using an open source DSMC code. Glasgow: University of Strathclyde, 2014. 183 p.