Asteroid rotation and orbit control via laser ablation

Massimo Vetrisano, Camilla Colombo, Massimiliano Vasile

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)
80 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper presents an approach to control the rotational motion of an asteroid while a spacecraft is deflecting its trajectory through laser ablation. During the deflection, the proximity motion of the spacecraft is coupled with the orbital and rotational motion of the asteroid. The combination of the deflection acceleration, solar radiation pressure, gravity field and plume impingement will force the spacecraft to drift away from the asteroid. In turn, a variation of the motion of the spacecraft produces a change in the modulus and direction of the deflection action which modifies the rotational and orbital motion of the asteroid. An on-board state estimation and control algorithm is then presented that simultaneously provides an optimal proximity control and a control of the rotational motion of the asteroid. It will be shown that the simultaneous control of the rotational and proximity motions of asteroid and spacecraft has a significant impact on the required deflection time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1762–1782
Number of pages21
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Volume57
Issue number8
Early online date3 Jul 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • asteroid deflection
  • asteroid rotation control
  • proximity operation
  • rotational dynamics
  • spacecraft control

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