Assessment of the shape of crack-tip plastic zones as a function of applied load

P.M. MacKenzie, Colin Walker, Colin Walker (Editor)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The plastic yield zones around the end of a crack have been the subject of intense investigation, particularly since the definition of the HRR stress and strain fields some 20 years ago. The whole treatment of the fracture process really depends on the extent of these zones, in relation to the crack length. and the size of the uncracked ligament but the detailed description of the zones has received only passing discussion, largely as a result of the experimental problems involved in obtaining data which will allow an accurate evaluation, particularly in view of the three-dimensional nature of the problem. In some test situations this need give little cause for anxiety. since experimental conditions may be controlled to give a defined yield zone. In general, however, such control cannot be exercised and knowledge of details of the yield locus may well become important. However, if we return to the general case in which, under a mixed loading regime, a crack-tip plastic field will develop, the definitive way of determining the yield locus would be through a knowledge of the strain fields and the use of a criterion which defines yield in terms of strain. For example. the von Mises criterion defines yield as σvM = (σ12 + σ22 - σ1σ2)1/2 (plane stress) such that when σvM &ges; σ0 (where σ0 is the uniaxial yield stress). then the state of the three-dimensional stress is such that the material is in a post-yield condition. In a situation of post-yield plane-stress, then it is possible to derive the stresses from the surface strain components. In this study. the surface strains have been measured using moire interferometry and the von Mises yield criterion assessed at a matrix of points around the crack-tip to detect values of σvM &ges; σ0. The yield locus then separates points where σvM &ges; σ0 from the region further from the crack-tip (in general), where σvM < σ0. This mechanistic definition is the one which is of interest in the calculation of energy-related fracture parameters: it may not produce the same result as would, for example, a surface polish-and-etch treatment to identify dislocation cores. In addition, it should be recalled that the plane-stress condition relates not to the specimen in general but to the region of the yield locus (7 refs.)
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Moiré Measurement
Place of PublicationBristol, UK
Pages51-55
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2003

Fingerprint

Crack tips
Plastics
Cracks
Ligaments
Interferometry
Yield stress

Keywords

  • moire fringes
  • light interferometry
  • optical microscopy

Cite this

MacKenzie, P. M., Walker, C., & Walker, C. (Ed.) (2003). Assessment of the shape of crack-tip plastic zones as a function of applied load. In Handbook of Moiré Measurement (pp. 51-55). Bristol, UK.
MacKenzie, P.M. ; Walker, Colin ; Walker, Colin (Editor). / Assessment of the shape of crack-tip plastic zones as a function of applied load. Handbook of Moiré Measurement. Bristol, UK, 2003. pp. 51-55
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MacKenzie, PM, Walker, C & Walker, C (ed.) 2003, Assessment of the shape of crack-tip plastic zones as a function of applied load. in Handbook of Moiré Measurement. Bristol, UK, pp. 51-55.

Assessment of the shape of crack-tip plastic zones as a function of applied load. / MacKenzie, P.M.; Walker, Colin; Walker, Colin (Editor).

Handbook of Moiré Measurement. Bristol, UK, 2003. p. 51-55.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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MacKenzie PM, Walker C, Walker C, (ed.). Assessment of the shape of crack-tip plastic zones as a function of applied load. In Handbook of Moiré Measurement. Bristol, UK. 2003. p. 51-55