Assessment of HDPE aged under DC voltage combined with AC harmonic stresses of various frequencies

Weijia Zhao, Wah Hoon Siew, Martin J Given, Edward Corr, Qingmin Li, Jinliang He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

One of the challenges on the increasing reliance on isolated renewable generation sources is the transmission of power from these sources to centers of power demand. One possible approach is the use of high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission. The power electronic converters are key components in HVDC transmission system. The converters produce the intended DC voltage for transmission but there may also be AC harmonics superimposed. The superimposed harmonics on the HVDC may have synergistic effects and may lead to further degradation in the cable insulation. Previous research has shown that partial discharge was the main cause of degradation in polymeric insulation under AC stress. However, few publications have demonstrated the effect of combined stress on cable insulation degradation. Additionally, the most popular cable insulation material, cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE), cannot be recycled. Alternative materials which can be recycled have been proposed and one such solution could be thermoplastic materials. In this study, HDPE was investigated as a reference material for thermoplastics and their potential use as insulation in HVDC cables. In this paper the effect of frequency on HDPE degradation under superimposed stresses was studied using the following approaches; equivalent phase resolved partial discharge (PRPD) plots, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy - attenuated total reflection (FTIR-ATR) and dielectric spectroscopy (DS) measurements were carried out. The results show that during aging and with a frequency increase, the voltage of PD events increased which in turn created more polar molecule groups on the surface. The amount of polar molecule groups was found to affect ε' and tanδ, with both increasing when more polar molecules were created. The results show that applying a higher AC frequency enhances polymer degradation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1189-1196
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
Volume24
Issue number2
Early online date24 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Apr 2017

Fingerprint

High density polyethylenes
Insulation
Cables
Electric potential
Degradation
Partial discharges
Thermoplastics
Molecules
Dielectric spectroscopy
Power electronics
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Polyethylenes
Aging of materials
Polymers

Keywords

  • HDPE
  • thermoelectrical aging
  • voltage ratio
  • PRPD
  • FTIR-ATR
  • dielectric spectroscopy
  • power electronic converters
  • phase resolved partial discharge
  • fourier transform infrared spectroscopy - attenuated total reflection

Cite this

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title = "Assessment of HDPE aged under DC voltage combined with AC harmonic stresses of various frequencies",
abstract = "One of the challenges on the increasing reliance on isolated renewable generation sources is the transmission of power from these sources to centers of power demand. One possible approach is the use of high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission. The power electronic converters are key components in HVDC transmission system. The converters produce the intended DC voltage for transmission but there may also be AC harmonics superimposed. The superimposed harmonics on the HVDC may have synergistic effects and may lead to further degradation in the cable insulation. Previous research has shown that partial discharge was the main cause of degradation in polymeric insulation under AC stress. However, few publications have demonstrated the effect of combined stress on cable insulation degradation. Additionally, the most popular cable insulation material, cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE), cannot be recycled. Alternative materials which can be recycled have been proposed and one such solution could be thermoplastic materials. In this study, HDPE was investigated as a reference material for thermoplastics and their potential use as insulation in HVDC cables. In this paper the effect of frequency on HDPE degradation under superimposed stresses was studied using the following approaches; equivalent phase resolved partial discharge (PRPD) plots, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy - attenuated total reflection (FTIR-ATR) and dielectric spectroscopy (DS) measurements were carried out. The results show that during aging and with a frequency increase, the voltage of PD events increased which in turn created more polar molecule groups on the surface. The amount of polar molecule groups was found to affect ε' and tanδ, with both increasing when more polar molecules were created. The results show that applying a higher AC frequency enhances polymer degradation",
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Assessment of HDPE aged under DC voltage combined with AC harmonic stresses of various frequencies. / Zhao, Weijia; Siew, Wah Hoon; Given, Martin J; Corr, Edward ; Li, Qingmin; He, Jinliang.

In: IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, Vol. 24, No. 2, 24.04.2017, p. 1189-1196.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - He, Jinliang

N1 - © 2017 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works

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