Assessing the impacts of large EV penetration in the UK: analysis of network investments and changes in fuel use

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The electrification of transport has been identified as a key policy area, which has multiple implications on the energy system, the economy, and the environment. Focusing on electric vehicles (EV), several examples of studies analysing the impact of a large scale penetration of EVs can be found in the literature. However, these studies usually focus only on the implications for the electricity network. Therefore, the challenge is to understand how the expected rollout of EVs affects the energy system in different dimensions, within and beyond the electric sector.

With the aim of identifying wider impacts of a large rollout of EVs in the UK and to inform effective analysis of energy policy, we use the UK TIMES model to implement four different EV charging scenarios, varying on the timing (i.e. ‘smartness’) of the charge and the location on where it happens. We conclude that ‘dumb’ and decentralised charging will require considerably larger investment on the network than the ‘smart’ and centralised counterparts. The location and ‘smartness’ of EV charging it is, therefore, an important consideration to mitigate potential negative impacts on the power system and to reduce energy and fuel costs for the final consumer. Moreover, we have found that a shift of emissions occurs from the transport to the electric sector. These results show the importance of following a whole system approach in energy policy analysis, to maximise the effectiveness of policies and to avoid carbon leakage.

Conference

Conference42nd IAEE International Conference
Abbreviated titleIAEE2019
CountryCanada
CityMontréal
Period29/05/191/06/19
Internet address

Fingerprint

Electric vehicles
Energy policy
Electricity
Carbon
Costs

Keywords

  • electric vehicle
  • energy system models
  • TIMES
  • energy scenarios

Cite this

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title = "Assessing the impacts of large EV penetration in the UK: analysis of network investments and changes in fuel use",
abstract = "The electrification of transport has been identified as a key policy area, which has multiple implications on the energy system, the economy, and the environment. Focusing on electric vehicles (EV), several examples of studies analysing the impact of a large scale penetration of EVs can be found in the literature. However, these studies usually focus only on the implications for the electricity network. Therefore, the challenge is to understand how the expected rollout of EVs affects the energy system in different dimensions, within and beyond the electric sector.With the aim of identifying wider impacts of a large rollout of EVs in the UK and to inform effective analysis of energy policy, we use the UK TIMES model to implement four different EV charging scenarios, varying on the timing (i.e. ‘smartness’) of the charge and the location on where it happens. We conclude that ‘dumb’ and decentralised charging will require considerably larger investment on the network than the ‘smart’ and centralised counterparts. The location and ‘smartness’ of EV charging it is, therefore, an important consideration to mitigate potential negative impacts on the power system and to reduce energy and fuel costs for the final consumer. Moreover, we have found that a shift of emissions occurs from the transport to the electric sector. These results show the importance of following a whole system approach in energy policy analysis, to maximise the effectiveness of policies and to avoid carbon leakage.",
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author = "Calvillo, {Christian F.} and Karen Turner and Keith Bell and Peter McGregor",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "29",
language = "English",
note = "42nd IAEE International Conference : Local energy, Global markets, IAEE2019 ; Conference date: 29-05-2019 Through 01-06-2019",
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Assessing the impacts of large EV penetration in the UK : analysis of network investments and changes in fuel use. / Calvillo, Christian F.; Turner, Karen; Bell, Keith; McGregor, Peter.

2019. Paper presented at 42nd IAEE International Conference, Montréal, Canada.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Assessing the impacts of large EV penetration in the UK

T2 - analysis of network investments and changes in fuel use

AU - Calvillo, Christian F.

AU - Turner, Karen

AU - Bell, Keith

AU - McGregor, Peter

PY - 2019/5/29

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AB - The electrification of transport has been identified as a key policy area, which has multiple implications on the energy system, the economy, and the environment. Focusing on electric vehicles (EV), several examples of studies analysing the impact of a large scale penetration of EVs can be found in the literature. However, these studies usually focus only on the implications for the electricity network. Therefore, the challenge is to understand how the expected rollout of EVs affects the energy system in different dimensions, within and beyond the electric sector.With the aim of identifying wider impacts of a large rollout of EVs in the UK and to inform effective analysis of energy policy, we use the UK TIMES model to implement four different EV charging scenarios, varying on the timing (i.e. ‘smartness’) of the charge and the location on where it happens. We conclude that ‘dumb’ and decentralised charging will require considerably larger investment on the network than the ‘smart’ and centralised counterparts. The location and ‘smartness’ of EV charging it is, therefore, an important consideration to mitigate potential negative impacts on the power system and to reduce energy and fuel costs for the final consumer. Moreover, we have found that a shift of emissions occurs from the transport to the electric sector. These results show the importance of following a whole system approach in energy policy analysis, to maximise the effectiveness of policies and to avoid carbon leakage.

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KW - energy system models

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KW - energy scenarios

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