Assessing focused wave applicability on a coupled aero-hydro-mooring FOWT system using CFD approach

Yang Zhou, Qing Xiao, Christophe Peyrard, Guang Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present study examines the wave type and wave steepness impacts onto the floating offshore wind turbine (FOWT) hydro/aerodynamics. With the aid of using a high-fidelity aero-hydro-mooring CFD solver, the current modelling focuses on the analysis of NREL 5 MW semi-submersible FOWT dynamic motion response, tension load of the mooring line, wind turbine thrust, power output and tower base bending moment. Totally, three types of waves, i.e., focused wave, irregular wave and reconstructed focused wave are adopted to examine the wave type impacts on FOWT performance. Our results find that, given a same wave spectrum, a significant difference is observed for the floater motion response prediction between a focused wave and an irregular wave. However, with the use of the reconstructed focused wave, the results show very similar FOWT hydrodynamic characteristics as those obtained with the irregular wave, indicating that the reconstructed focused wave can be an alternative of the irregular wave for extreme wave studies. Moreover, nonlinear effect is well captured for various wave steepness tested, which is revealed by the occurrence of wave diffraction and large wave run-ups near the side columns. The examination on FOWT aerodynamics found that both wave type and wave steepness have little impact on turbine aerodynamic performance which is evident by a close agreement of thrust and power prediction under different incident waves.
Original languageEnglish
Article number109987
JournalOcean Engineering
Early online date20 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2021


  • floating offshore wind turbine
  • computational fluid dynamics
  • focused wave
  • wave type impacts


Dive into the research topics of 'Assessing focused wave applicability on a coupled aero-hydro-mooring FOWT system using CFD approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this