Artificial compressibility, characteristics-based schemes for variable density, incompressible, multi-species flows: part I. derivation of different formulations and constant density limit

Evgeniy Shapiro, Dimitris Drikakis

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Abstract

The paper presents various formulations of characteristics-based schemes in the framework of the artificial-compressibility method for variable-density incompressible flows. In contrast to constant-density incompressible flows, where the characteristics-based variables reconstruction leads to a single formulation, in the case of variable density flows three different schemes can be obtained henceforth labeled as: transport, conservative and hybrid schemes. The conservative scheme results in pseudo-compressibility terms in the (multi-species) density reconstruction. It is shown that in the limit of constant density, the transport scheme becomes the (original) characteristics-based scheme for incompressible flows, but the conservative and hybrid schemes lead to a new characteristics-based variant for constant density flows. The characteristics-based schemes are combined with second and third-order interpolation for increasing the computational accuracy locally at the cell faces of the control volume. Numerical experiments for constant density flows reveal that all the characteristics-based schemes result in the same flow solution, but they exhibit different convergence behavior. The multigrid implementation and numerical studies for variable density flows are presented in Part II of this study.
LanguageEnglish
Pages584-607
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Computational Physics
Volume210
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2005

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Incompressible flow
Compressibility
Density (specific gravity)
compressibility
derivation
formulations
incompressible flow
Interpolation
Experiments
interpolation
cells

Keywords

  • variable density flows
  • artificial compressibility
  • characteristics-based schemes
  • high-resolution schemes
  • Euler equations
  • Navier–Stokes equations

Cite this

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title = "Artificial compressibility, characteristics-based schemes for variable density, incompressible, multi-species flows: part I. derivation of different formulations and constant density limit",
abstract = "The paper presents various formulations of characteristics-based schemes in the framework of the artificial-compressibility method for variable-density incompressible flows. In contrast to constant-density incompressible flows, where the characteristics-based variables reconstruction leads to a single formulation, in the case of variable density flows three different schemes can be obtained henceforth labeled as: transport, conservative and hybrid schemes. The conservative scheme results in pseudo-compressibility terms in the (multi-species) density reconstruction. It is shown that in the limit of constant density, the transport scheme becomes the (original) characteristics-based scheme for incompressible flows, but the conservative and hybrid schemes lead to a new characteristics-based variant for constant density flows. The characteristics-based schemes are combined with second and third-order interpolation for increasing the computational accuracy locally at the cell faces of the control volume. Numerical experiments for constant density flows reveal that all the characteristics-based schemes result in the same flow solution, but they exhibit different convergence behavior. The multigrid implementation and numerical studies for variable density flows are presented in Part II of this study.",
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N2 - The paper presents various formulations of characteristics-based schemes in the framework of the artificial-compressibility method for variable-density incompressible flows. In contrast to constant-density incompressible flows, where the characteristics-based variables reconstruction leads to a single formulation, in the case of variable density flows three different schemes can be obtained henceforth labeled as: transport, conservative and hybrid schemes. The conservative scheme results in pseudo-compressibility terms in the (multi-species) density reconstruction. It is shown that in the limit of constant density, the transport scheme becomes the (original) characteristics-based scheme for incompressible flows, but the conservative and hybrid schemes lead to a new characteristics-based variant for constant density flows. The characteristics-based schemes are combined with second and third-order interpolation for increasing the computational accuracy locally at the cell faces of the control volume. Numerical experiments for constant density flows reveal that all the characteristics-based schemes result in the same flow solution, but they exhibit different convergence behavior. The multigrid implementation and numerical studies for variable density flows are presented in Part II of this study.

AB - The paper presents various formulations of characteristics-based schemes in the framework of the artificial-compressibility method for variable-density incompressible flows. In contrast to constant-density incompressible flows, where the characteristics-based variables reconstruction leads to a single formulation, in the case of variable density flows three different schemes can be obtained henceforth labeled as: transport, conservative and hybrid schemes. The conservative scheme results in pseudo-compressibility terms in the (multi-species) density reconstruction. It is shown that in the limit of constant density, the transport scheme becomes the (original) characteristics-based scheme for incompressible flows, but the conservative and hybrid schemes lead to a new characteristics-based variant for constant density flows. The characteristics-based schemes are combined with second and third-order interpolation for increasing the computational accuracy locally at the cell faces of the control volume. Numerical experiments for constant density flows reveal that all the characteristics-based schemes result in the same flow solution, but they exhibit different convergence behavior. The multigrid implementation and numerical studies for variable density flows are presented in Part II of this study.

KW - variable density flows

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KW - high-resolution schemes

KW - Euler equations

KW - Navier–Stokes equations

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