Are the sublimation thermodynamics of organic molecules predictable?

James McDonagh, David S. Palmer, Tanja van Mourik, John B.O. Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We compare a range of computational methods for the prediction of sublimation thermodynamics (enthalpy, entropy and free energy of sublimation). These include a model from theoretical chemistry that utilizes crystal lattice energy minimization (with the DMACRYS program) and QSPR models generated by both machine learning (Random Forest and Support Vector Machines) and regression (Partial Least Squares) methods. Using these methods we investigate the predictability of the enthalpy, entropy and free energy of sublimation, with consideration of whether such a method may be able to improve solubility prediction schemes. Previous work has suggested that the major source of error in solubility prediction schemes involving a thermodynamic cycle via the solid state is in the modeling of the free energy change away from the solid state. Yet contrary to this conclusion other work has found that the inclusion of terms such as the enthalpy of sublimation in QSPR methods does not improve the predictions of solubility. We suggest the use of theoretical chemistry terms, detailed explicitly in the methods section, as descriptors for the prediction of the enthalpy and free energy of sublimation. A dataset of 158 molecules with experimental sublimation thermodynamics values and some CSD refcodes has been collected from the literature and is provided with their original source references.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages52
JournalJournal of Chemical Information and Modeling
Early online date17 Oct 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Oct 2016

Fingerprint

sublimation
Sublimation
Thermodynamics
Free energy
Molecules
Enthalpy
energy
Solubility
entropy
Entropy
chemistry
Computational methods
Crystal lattices
Support vector machines
Learning systems
inclusion
regression
learning
Values

Keywords

  • sublimation
  • crystal
  • pharmaceutical
  • drug discovery

Cite this

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title = "Are the sublimation thermodynamics of organic molecules predictable?",
abstract = "We compare a range of computational methods for the prediction of sublimation thermodynamics (enthalpy, entropy and free energy of sublimation). These include a model from theoretical chemistry that utilizes crystal lattice energy minimization (with the DMACRYS program) and QSPR models generated by both machine learning (Random Forest and Support Vector Machines) and regression (Partial Least Squares) methods. Using these methods we investigate the predictability of the enthalpy, entropy and free energy of sublimation, with consideration of whether such a method may be able to improve solubility prediction schemes. Previous work has suggested that the major source of error in solubility prediction schemes involving a thermodynamic cycle via the solid state is in the modeling of the free energy change away from the solid state. Yet contrary to this conclusion other work has found that the inclusion of terms such as the enthalpy of sublimation in QSPR methods does not improve the predictions of solubility. We suggest the use of theoretical chemistry terms, detailed explicitly in the methods section, as descriptors for the prediction of the enthalpy and free energy of sublimation. A dataset of 158 molecules with experimental sublimation thermodynamics values and some CSD refcodes has been collected from the literature and is provided with their original source references.",
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Are the sublimation thermodynamics of organic molecules predictable? / McDonagh, James; Palmer, David S.; van Mourik, Tanja ; Mitchell, John B.O. .

In: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling , 17.10.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - We compare a range of computational methods for the prediction of sublimation thermodynamics (enthalpy, entropy and free energy of sublimation). These include a model from theoretical chemistry that utilizes crystal lattice energy minimization (with the DMACRYS program) and QSPR models generated by both machine learning (Random Forest and Support Vector Machines) and regression (Partial Least Squares) methods. Using these methods we investigate the predictability of the enthalpy, entropy and free energy of sublimation, with consideration of whether such a method may be able to improve solubility prediction schemes. Previous work has suggested that the major source of error in solubility prediction schemes involving a thermodynamic cycle via the solid state is in the modeling of the free energy change away from the solid state. Yet contrary to this conclusion other work has found that the inclusion of terms such as the enthalpy of sublimation in QSPR methods does not improve the predictions of solubility. We suggest the use of theoretical chemistry terms, detailed explicitly in the methods section, as descriptors for the prediction of the enthalpy and free energy of sublimation. A dataset of 158 molecules with experimental sublimation thermodynamics values and some CSD refcodes has been collected from the literature and is provided with their original source references.

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