Application of nanoparticles and nanomaterials in thermal ablation therapy of cancer

Zhannat Ashikbayeva, Daniele Tosi, Damir Balmassov, Emiliano Schena, Paola Saccomandi, Vassilis Inglezakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cancer is one of the major health issues with increasing incidence worldwide. In spite of the existing conventional cancer treatment techniques, the cases of cancer diagnosis and death rates are rising year by year. Thus, new approaches are required to advance the traditional ways of cancer therapy. Currently, nanomedicine, employing nanoparticles and nanocomposites, offers great promise and new opportunities to increase the efficacy of cancer treatment in combination with thermal therapy. Nanomaterials can generate and specifically enhance the heating capacity at the tumor region due to optical and magnetic properties. The mentioned unique properties of nanomaterials allow inducing the heat and destroying the cancerous cells. This paper provides an overview of the utilization of nanoparticles and nanomaterials such as magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, nanorods, nanoshells, nanocomposites, carbon nanotubes, and other nanoparticles in the thermal ablation of tumors, demonstrating their advantages over the conventional heating methods.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1195
Number of pages35
JournalNanomaterials
Volume9
Issue number9
Early online date24 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • magnetic nanoparticles
  • gold nanoparticles
  • nanocomposites
  • nanorods
  • nanoshells
  • carbon nanotubes
  • cancer tumor
  • thermal ablation
  • photothermal ablation
  • laser ablation

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