Anyon braiding on a fractal lattice with a local Hamiltonian

Sourav Manna, Callum W. Duncan, Carrie A. Weidner, Jacob F. Sherson, Anne E. B. Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

There is a growing interest in searching for topology in fractal dimensions with the aim of finding different properties and advantages compared to the integer dimensional case. Here we construct a local Hamiltonian on a fractal lattice whose ground state exhibits topological braiding properties. The fractal lattice is obtained from a second-generation Sierpinski carpet with Hausdorff dimension 1.89. We use local potentials to trap and exchange anyons in the model, and the numerically obtained results for the exchange statistics of the anyons are close to the ideal statistics for quasiholes in a bosonic Laughlin state at half filling. For the considered system size, the energy gap is about three times larger for the fractal lattice than for a two-dimensional square lattice, and we find that the braiding results obtained on the fractal lattice are more robust against disorder. We propose a scheme to implement both fractal lattices and our proposed local Hamiltonian with ultracold atoms in optical lattices.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberL021302
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume105
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • anyon
  • fractal
  • synthetic magnetic field
  • ultracold atoms
  • fractional quantum Hall

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