Anticipatory socialisation of graduates into professions through recruitment and selection

Dora Scholarios, Cliff Lockyer, Heather Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


Recruitment and selection experiences are part of a process of pre-entry organisational socialisation, also known as anticipatory socialisation. Graduates are susceptible to such effects as their socialisation through exposure to professional employers begins during training. Employers' practices are thought to contribute to the formation of realistic career expectations and the initial psychological contract between graduates and employers. The present study found that students in traditional professions reported greater exposure to employers than students in an emerging profession through work activities, more proactive engagement in recruitment events, and more extensive experience of selection processes at similar stages of study. Greater activity, in turn, was related to career expectations, including varying levels of commitment to and interest in the profession and career clarity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-197
Number of pages15
JournalCareer Development International
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2003


  • career development
  • graduates
  • organisational culture
  • recruitment
  • human resource management


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