Analysis of the transient process in underwater spark discharges

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

lf water is stressed with a voltage pulse having a rise time of tens of nanoseconds which creates a sufficiently high electric field, streamers develop and a highly conductive channel forms between the electrodes. The intense Joule heating of the plasma in the channel results in the collapse of its electrical resistance from a few Ohms to a few tens of milliOhms with the behavior of the collapse depending on the parameters of the discharge circuit. The rapid decrease of the resistance occurs during the first quarter of the current oscillation in the circuit. During this time, the pressure inside the channel rises to several GPa, causing the channel to expand in water with a velocity of 100 to 1000 m/s driving a high power ultrasound pulse. In the present paper, a phenomenological model is discussed which describes the dynamics of the resistance of underwater spark discharges during its initial stage and allows the pressure in the acoustic pulse to be obtained. The model is based on the plasma channel energy balance equation used by Braginskii and links the hydrodynamic characteristics of the channel and the parameters of the electric driving circuit. The dynamics of the transient cavity during the dissipation of the electrical energy in the plasma channel is described and the analytical results are compared with experimental measurements of the current in the electrical circuit and the acoustic pulse profiles radiated by the transient cavities.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 27th International Power Modulator Symposium and 2006 High Voltage Workshops
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherIEEE
Pages310-313
Number of pages3
ISBN (Print)9781424400188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 May 2007
EventTwenty Seventh International Power Modulator Symposium - Arlington, Virginia, United States
Duration: 14 May 200618 May 2006

Conference

ConferenceTwenty Seventh International Power Modulator Symposium
CountryUnited States
CityArlington, Virginia
Period14/05/0618/05/06

Keywords

  • acoustic pulses
  • circuit oscillations
  • driver circuits
  • plasma ion acoustic waves
  • plasma magnetohydrodynamics
  • plasma ohmic heating
  • plasma properties

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