Analysis and control of modular multilevel converters under asymmetric arm impedance conditions

Rong Zeng, Lie Xu, Liangzhong Yao, Stephen J. Finney

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61 Citations (Scopus)
148 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents a detailed analysis and improved control strategy for Modular Multilevel Converters (MMC) under asymmetric arm inductance conditions. Unlike symmetric conditions, the fundamental ac current is not split equally between the upper and lower arms under asymmetric conditions, and the dc and double-frequency components in the common-mode current also flow into the ac side. To solve these issues, a theoretical analysis of the effect of asymmetric conditions on MMC operation is carried out using equivalent circuits at different frequencies. Three control targets are then presented to enhance the operational performance. A control strategy providing the control of differential-mode current, common-mode current and power balance is designed. The feasibility and validity of the proposed analysis and control strategy are demonstrated by simulation results from a threephase MMC system, and simulation and experimental results from a single-phase MMC system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-81
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Issue number1
Early online date7 Sept 2015
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2016


  • modular multilevel converter
  • asymmetric conditions
  • common mode current
  • differential mode current
  • power balance


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