Analysis and control of displaced periodic orbits in the Earth-Moon system

Jules Simo, Colin R. McInnes

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We consider displaced periodic orbits at linear order in the circular restricted Earth-Moon system, where the third massless body is a solar sail. These highly non-Keplerian orbits are achieved using an extremely small sail acceleration. In this paper we will use solar sail propulsion to provide station-keeping at periodic orbits above the L2 point. We start by generating a reference trajectory about the libration points. By introducing a first-order approximation, periodic orbits are derived analytically at linear order. These approximate analytical solutions are utilized in a numerical search to determine displaced periodic orbits in the full nonlinear model. Because of the instability of the collinear libration points, orbit control is needed for a spacecraft to remian in the vicinity of these points. The reference trajectory is then tracked using a linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR). Finally, simulations are given to validate the control strategy. The importance of finding such displaced orbits is to obtain continuous communications between the equatorial regions of the Earth and the polar regions of the Moon.
LanguageEnglish
PagesIAC-09.C1.2.4
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 12 Oct 2009
Event60th International Astronautical Congress - Daejeon, Korea
Duration: 12 Oct 200916 Oct 2009

Conference

Conference60th International Astronautical Congress
CityDaejeon, Korea
Period12/10/0916/10/09

Fingerprint

Moon
Orbits
Earth (planet)
Trajectories
Propulsion
Spacecraft
Communication

Keywords

  • Solar sail propulsion
  • periodic orbits
  • displaced orbits
  • Earth-Moon system
  • libration points
  • Linear Quadratic Regulator

Cite this

Simo, J., & McInnes, C. R. (2009). Analysis and control of displaced periodic orbits in the Earth-Moon system. IAC-09.C1.2.4. Paper presented at 60th International Astronautical Congress, Daejeon, Korea, .
Simo, Jules ; McInnes, Colin R. / Analysis and control of displaced periodic orbits in the Earth-Moon system. Paper presented at 60th International Astronautical Congress, Daejeon, Korea, .7 p.
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keywords = "Solar sail propulsion, periodic orbits, displaced orbits, Earth-Moon system, libration points, Linear Quadratic Regulator",
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Simo, J & McInnes, CR 2009, 'Analysis and control of displaced periodic orbits in the Earth-Moon system' Paper presented at 60th International Astronautical Congress, Daejeon, Korea, 12/10/09 - 16/10/09, pp. IAC-09.C1.2.4.

Analysis and control of displaced periodic orbits in the Earth-Moon system. / Simo, Jules ; McInnes, Colin R.

2009. IAC-09.C1.2.4 Paper presented at 60th International Astronautical Congress, Daejeon, Korea, .

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Analysis and control of displaced periodic orbits in the Earth-Moon system

AU - Simo, Jules

AU - McInnes, Colin R.

PY - 2009/10/12

Y1 - 2009/10/12

N2 - We consider displaced periodic orbits at linear order in the circular restricted Earth-Moon system, where the third massless body is a solar sail. These highly non-Keplerian orbits are achieved using an extremely small sail acceleration. In this paper we will use solar sail propulsion to provide station-keeping at periodic orbits above the L2 point. We start by generating a reference trajectory about the libration points. By introducing a first-order approximation, periodic orbits are derived analytically at linear order. These approximate analytical solutions are utilized in a numerical search to determine displaced periodic orbits in the full nonlinear model. Because of the instability of the collinear libration points, orbit control is needed for a spacecraft to remian in the vicinity of these points. The reference trajectory is then tracked using a linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR). Finally, simulations are given to validate the control strategy. The importance of finding such displaced orbits is to obtain continuous communications between the equatorial regions of the Earth and the polar regions of the Moon.

AB - We consider displaced periodic orbits at linear order in the circular restricted Earth-Moon system, where the third massless body is a solar sail. These highly non-Keplerian orbits are achieved using an extremely small sail acceleration. In this paper we will use solar sail propulsion to provide station-keeping at periodic orbits above the L2 point. We start by generating a reference trajectory about the libration points. By introducing a first-order approximation, periodic orbits are derived analytically at linear order. These approximate analytical solutions are utilized in a numerical search to determine displaced periodic orbits in the full nonlinear model. Because of the instability of the collinear libration points, orbit control is needed for a spacecraft to remian in the vicinity of these points. The reference trajectory is then tracked using a linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR). Finally, simulations are given to validate the control strategy. The importance of finding such displaced orbits is to obtain continuous communications between the equatorial regions of the Earth and the polar regions of the Moon.

KW - Solar sail propulsion

KW - periodic orbits

KW - displaced orbits

KW - Earth-Moon system

KW - libration points

KW - Linear Quadratic Regulator

UR - http://www.iac2009.kr/

M3 - Paper

SP - IAC-09.C1.2.4

ER -

Simo J, McInnes CR. Analysis and control of displaced periodic orbits in the Earth-Moon system. 2009. Paper presented at 60th International Astronautical Congress, Daejeon, Korea, .