An XPS study of organosilane and sizing adsorption on e-glass fibre surface

X.M. Liu, F.R. Jones, J.L. Thomason

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Organosilanes are often used in commercial sizings for glass fibres to provide wettability with the resin and promote strong interfacial adhesion to the matrix in a fibre reinforced polymer composite. The silane treatment is introduced as part of a complex deposition from an aqueous emulsion immediately at the spinaret and determines the optimum properties of the cured composite. To understand the interaction of organosilanes contained in sizings for glass surfaces, XPS was used to investigate the adsorption of γ-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APS) from a simple sizing system containing a polyurethane (PU) film former. It has been found that both APS and the sizing (containing APS and PU) deposits on E-glass fibre surfaces contained components of differing hydrolytic stability. The differences observed in the AFM images of APS coated E-glass fibres before and after water extraction also confirmed that the APS deposit contained components with different water solubility.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Sixteenth International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-16)
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007

Fingerprint

X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Adsorption
Polyurethanes
Deposits
Silanes
Water
Composite materials
Emulsions
Wetting
Polymers
Adhesion
Resins
Solubility
amino-propyl-triethoxysilane
fiberglass
Glass
Fibers

Keywords

  • AFM
  • APS
  • e-glass fibre
  • organosilane
  • zizing
  • XPS
  • adhesion

Cite this

Liu, X. M., Jones, F. R., & Thomason, J. L. (2007). An XPS study of organosilane and sizing adsorption on e-glass fibre surface. In Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-16)
Liu, X.M. ; Jones, F.R. ; Thomason, J.L. / An XPS study of organosilane and sizing adsorption on e-glass fibre surface. Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-16). 2007.
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Liu, XM, Jones, FR & Thomason, JL 2007, An XPS study of organosilane and sizing adsorption on e-glass fibre surface. in Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-16).

An XPS study of organosilane and sizing adsorption on e-glass fibre surface. / Liu, X.M.; Jones, F.R.; Thomason, J.L.

Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-16). 2007.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - An XPS study of organosilane and sizing adsorption on e-glass fibre surface

AU - Liu, X.M.

AU - Jones, F.R.

AU - Thomason, J.L.

PY - 2007/7

Y1 - 2007/7

N2 - Organosilanes are often used in commercial sizings for glass fibres to provide wettability with the resin and promote strong interfacial adhesion to the matrix in a fibre reinforced polymer composite. The silane treatment is introduced as part of a complex deposition from an aqueous emulsion immediately at the spinaret and determines the optimum properties of the cured composite. To understand the interaction of organosilanes contained in sizings for glass surfaces, XPS was used to investigate the adsorption of γ-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APS) from a simple sizing system containing a polyurethane (PU) film former. It has been found that both APS and the sizing (containing APS and PU) deposits on E-glass fibre surfaces contained components of differing hydrolytic stability. The differences observed in the AFM images of APS coated E-glass fibres before and after water extraction also confirmed that the APS deposit contained components with different water solubility.

AB - Organosilanes are often used in commercial sizings for glass fibres to provide wettability with the resin and promote strong interfacial adhesion to the matrix in a fibre reinforced polymer composite. The silane treatment is introduced as part of a complex deposition from an aqueous emulsion immediately at the spinaret and determines the optimum properties of the cured composite. To understand the interaction of organosilanes contained in sizings for glass surfaces, XPS was used to investigate the adsorption of γ-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APS) from a simple sizing system containing a polyurethane (PU) film former. It has been found that both APS and the sizing (containing APS and PU) deposits on E-glass fibre surfaces contained components of differing hydrolytic stability. The differences observed in the AFM images of APS coated E-glass fibres before and after water extraction also confirmed that the APS deposit contained components with different water solubility.

KW - AFM

KW - APS

KW - e-glass fibre

KW - organosilane

KW - zizing

KW - XPS

KW - adhesion

UR - http://eprints.cdlr.strath.ac.uk/6432/

UR - http://www.jscm.gr.jp/iccm-16/

M3 - Chapter

BT - Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-16)

ER -

Liu XM, Jones FR, Thomason JL. An XPS study of organosilane and sizing adsorption on e-glass fibre surface. In Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-16). 2007