An O2 smart plastic film for packaging

Andrew Mills, Katherine Lawrie, Julie Bardin, Alistair Apedaile, Graham A. Skinner, Christopher O'Rourke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The preparation and characterisation of a novel, water-proof, irreversible, reusable, UV-activated, O2 sensitive, smart plastic film is described. A pigment, consisting of a redox dye, methylene blue (MB), and a sacrificial electron donor, DL-threitol, coated onto an inorganic support with semiconductor functionality, TiO2, has been extruded in low-density polyethylene (LDPE). The blue-coloured indicator is readily photobleached in <90 s using UVA light (4 mWcm−2), whereby MB is converted to its colourless, leuco form, leuco-methylene blue (LMB). This form persists in the absence of oxygen, but is re-oxidised to MB in 2.5 days in air under ambient conditions (21°C, 65% RH) within the O2 smart plastic film. The rate of recovery is linearly dependent upon the ambient level of O2. At the lower temperature of 5°C, the kinetics of the photobleaching activation step is largely unchanged, whereas that of recovery is markedly reduced to t1/2 = 36 h at 5°C (cf. 9 h at 21°C); the activation energy for the recovery step was calculated as 28 kJmol−1. The O2-sensitive recovery step was found to be moderately dependent upon humidity at 21°C, but not significantly dependent upon humidity at 5°C. The possible application of this type of indicator in food packaging is illustrated and discussed briefly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-112
Number of pages7
JournalAnalyst
Volume137
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • sensor
  • water
  • food
  • oxygen indicato
  • heterogeneous photocatalysis
  • intelligence ink

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'An O2 smart plastic film for packaging'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Mills, A., Lawrie, K., Bardin, J., Apedaile, A., Skinner, G. A., & O'Rourke , C. (2012). An O2 smart plastic film for packaging. Analyst, 137(1), 106-112. https://doi.org/10.1039/c1an15774d