An investigation of the stiffness moduli of artificial bone materials

A Dunham, X T Yan, M H Grant

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstract


The human face is highly individualised enabling us to distinguish one human being from another. Consequently, if disfigured the patient often suffers from severe psychosocial effects and strongly desires a functional and aesthetic restoration. However, current practice of facial reconstruction is frequently below the patients expectations [1]. This
could be improved by 3D printing of artificial bone scaffolds personalised to the patient.
This process requires a liquid binder to stick together ceramic powder one layer at a time. In this study the mechanical properties of hydroxyapatite (HA) discs using sodium trisilicate
solution (STS) and malic acid with chitosan (MAC) as binders are investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52
Number of pages1
JournalEuropean Cells and Materials
Issue numberSuppl 4
Publication statusPublished - May 2012
EventTissue and Cell Engineering Society (TCES) meeting - Liverpool, United Kingdom
Duration: 4 Jul 20126 Jul 2012


  • tissue engineering
  • cell engineering
  • artificial bone
  • facial reconstruction

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