An investigation of the stiffness moduli of artificial bone materials

A Dunham, X T Yan, M H Grant

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstractpeer-review


The human face is highly individualised enabling us to distinguish one human being from another. Consequently, if disfigured the patient often suffers from severe psychosocial effects and strongly desires a functional and aesthetic restoration. However, current practice of facial reconstruction is frequently below the patients expectations [1]. This
could be improved by 3D printing of artificial bone scaffolds personalised to the patient.
This process requires a liquid binder to stick together ceramic powder one layer at a time. In this study the mechanical properties of hydroxyapatite (HA) discs using sodium trisilicate
solution (STS) and malic acid with chitosan (MAC) as binders are investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52
Number of pages1
JournalEuropean Cells and Materials
Issue numberSuppl 4
Publication statusPublished - May 2012
EventTissue and Cell Engineering Society (TCES) meeting - Liverpool, United Kingdom
Duration: 4 Jul 20126 Jul 2012


  • tissue engineering
  • cell engineering
  • artificial bone
  • facial reconstruction


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