An investigation of the effect of biomimetic tubercles on a flat plate

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

This paper describes the investigation, by means of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), of the effect of biomimetic tubercles on the hydrodynamics of a fully submerged flat plate. The application of these tubercles takes inspiration from the features of the humpback whale (Megaptera Novaeangliae). These huge marine mammals are capable of quick and agile movements in the water, despite their bulky bodies. Researchers investigated the causes of this ability by studying some peculiar somatic characteristics of these animals, in particular the tubercles on the leading edge of their pectoral fins. These tubercles were applied in the form of sinusoidal perturbations of the leading edge of wing profiles and foils, and they proved to cause a positive effect on the overall performance. The aim of this paper is to investigate another type of tubercles, which appear in the shape of bumps on the whales head. The effect of these tubercles has not been studied yet, and this paper presents a study on the fundamental phenomena they generate in the water flowing on the surface of a flat plate. The tubercles are modelled as axisymmetric sinusoidal bumps placed on the flat plate. Different combinations of these tubercles are studied, in order to assess what the effect of a single tubercle is, and how more tubercles interact when they are placed closed to each other, in different configurations (number of tubercles and relative position). In addition, a systematic study of the effect of a single row of tubercles spanning perpendicularly to the flow is carried out. The tubercles change systematically in amplitude and position along the plate. One further objective of this paper is to investigate if an optimised application of the biomimetic tubercles can lead to a drag reduction for the flat plate. Preliminary simulations show that the rows of tubercles interact with the boundary layer by modifying the pressure distribution, velocity and direction of the flow. The tubercles appear to generate vortices that are similar to those created by sinusoidal tubercles on the leading edge of foils, which tend to thin the boundary layer. A change in the total drag of the plate with tubercle is also noticeable, which even decreases from the baseline (flat plate with no tubercles), at certain combinations of position and tubercle amplitude.

Conference

ConferenceASME 2019 38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2019
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period9/06/1914/06/19

Fingerprint

Biomimetics
Metal foil
Boundary layers
Mammals
Drag reduction
Pressure distribution
Drag
Water
Computational fluid dynamics
Animals
Vortex flow
Hydrodynamics

Keywords

  • CFD
  • biomimetic tubercles
  • humpback whale

Cite this

Marino, A., Atlar, M., & Demirel, Y. K. (2019). An investigation of the effect of biomimetic tubercles on a flat plate. Paper presented at ASME 2019 38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2019, Glasgow, United Kingdom.
Marino, Alessandro ; Atlar, Mehmet ; Demirel, Yigit K. / An investigation of the effect of biomimetic tubercles on a flat plate. Paper presented at ASME 2019 38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2019, Glasgow, United Kingdom.14 p.
@conference{68677284f1e445e480aba77398104e55,
title = "An investigation of the effect of biomimetic tubercles on a flat plate",
abstract = "This paper describes the investigation, by means of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), of the effect of biomimetic tubercles on the hydrodynamics of a fully submerged flat plate. The application of these tubercles takes inspiration from the features of the humpback whale (Megaptera Novaeangliae). These huge marine mammals are capable of quick and agile movements in the water, despite their bulky bodies. Researchers investigated the causes of this ability by studying some peculiar somatic characteristics of these animals, in particular the tubercles on the leading edge of their pectoral fins. These tubercles were applied in the form of sinusoidal perturbations of the leading edge of wing profiles and foils, and they proved to cause a positive effect on the overall performance. The aim of this paper is to investigate another type of tubercles, which appear in the shape of bumps on the whales head. The effect of these tubercles has not been studied yet, and this paper presents a study on the fundamental phenomena they generate in the water flowing on the surface of a flat plate. The tubercles are modelled as axisymmetric sinusoidal bumps placed on the flat plate. Different combinations of these tubercles are studied, in order to assess what the effect of a single tubercle is, and how more tubercles interact when they are placed closed to each other, in different configurations (number of tubercles and relative position). In addition, a systematic study of the effect of a single row of tubercles spanning perpendicularly to the flow is carried out. The tubercles change systematically in amplitude and position along the plate. One further objective of this paper is to investigate if an optimised application of the biomimetic tubercles can lead to a drag reduction for the flat plate. Preliminary simulations show that the rows of tubercles interact with the boundary layer by modifying the pressure distribution, velocity and direction of the flow. The tubercles appear to generate vortices that are similar to those created by sinusoidal tubercles on the leading edge of foils, which tend to thin the boundary layer. A change in the total drag of the plate with tubercle is also noticeable, which even decreases from the baseline (flat plate with no tubercles), at certain combinations of position and tubercle amplitude.",
keywords = "CFD, biomimetic tubercles, humpback whale",
author = "Alessandro Marino and Mehmet Atlar and Demirel, {Yigit K.}",
note = "(c) ASME; ASME 2019 38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2019 ; Conference date: 09-06-2019 Through 14-06-2019",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "9",
language = "English",

}

Marino, A, Atlar, M & Demirel, YK 2019, 'An investigation of the effect of biomimetic tubercles on a flat plate' Paper presented at ASME 2019 38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2019, Glasgow, United Kingdom, 9/06/19 - 14/06/19, .

An investigation of the effect of biomimetic tubercles on a flat plate. / Marino, Alessandro; Atlar, Mehmet; Demirel, Yigit K.

2019. Paper presented at ASME 2019 38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2019, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - An investigation of the effect of biomimetic tubercles on a flat plate

AU - Marino, Alessandro

AU - Atlar, Mehmet

AU - Demirel, Yigit K.

N1 - (c) ASME

PY - 2019/6/9

Y1 - 2019/6/9

N2 - This paper describes the investigation, by means of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), of the effect of biomimetic tubercles on the hydrodynamics of a fully submerged flat plate. The application of these tubercles takes inspiration from the features of the humpback whale (Megaptera Novaeangliae). These huge marine mammals are capable of quick and agile movements in the water, despite their bulky bodies. Researchers investigated the causes of this ability by studying some peculiar somatic characteristics of these animals, in particular the tubercles on the leading edge of their pectoral fins. These tubercles were applied in the form of sinusoidal perturbations of the leading edge of wing profiles and foils, and they proved to cause a positive effect on the overall performance. The aim of this paper is to investigate another type of tubercles, which appear in the shape of bumps on the whales head. The effect of these tubercles has not been studied yet, and this paper presents a study on the fundamental phenomena they generate in the water flowing on the surface of a flat plate. The tubercles are modelled as axisymmetric sinusoidal bumps placed on the flat plate. Different combinations of these tubercles are studied, in order to assess what the effect of a single tubercle is, and how more tubercles interact when they are placed closed to each other, in different configurations (number of tubercles and relative position). In addition, a systematic study of the effect of a single row of tubercles spanning perpendicularly to the flow is carried out. The tubercles change systematically in amplitude and position along the plate. One further objective of this paper is to investigate if an optimised application of the biomimetic tubercles can lead to a drag reduction for the flat plate. Preliminary simulations show that the rows of tubercles interact with the boundary layer by modifying the pressure distribution, velocity and direction of the flow. The tubercles appear to generate vortices that are similar to those created by sinusoidal tubercles on the leading edge of foils, which tend to thin the boundary layer. A change in the total drag of the plate with tubercle is also noticeable, which even decreases from the baseline (flat plate with no tubercles), at certain combinations of position and tubercle amplitude.

AB - This paper describes the investigation, by means of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), of the effect of biomimetic tubercles on the hydrodynamics of a fully submerged flat plate. The application of these tubercles takes inspiration from the features of the humpback whale (Megaptera Novaeangliae). These huge marine mammals are capable of quick and agile movements in the water, despite their bulky bodies. Researchers investigated the causes of this ability by studying some peculiar somatic characteristics of these animals, in particular the tubercles on the leading edge of their pectoral fins. These tubercles were applied in the form of sinusoidal perturbations of the leading edge of wing profiles and foils, and they proved to cause a positive effect on the overall performance. The aim of this paper is to investigate another type of tubercles, which appear in the shape of bumps on the whales head. The effect of these tubercles has not been studied yet, and this paper presents a study on the fundamental phenomena they generate in the water flowing on the surface of a flat plate. The tubercles are modelled as axisymmetric sinusoidal bumps placed on the flat plate. Different combinations of these tubercles are studied, in order to assess what the effect of a single tubercle is, and how more tubercles interact when they are placed closed to each other, in different configurations (number of tubercles and relative position). In addition, a systematic study of the effect of a single row of tubercles spanning perpendicularly to the flow is carried out. The tubercles change systematically in amplitude and position along the plate. One further objective of this paper is to investigate if an optimised application of the biomimetic tubercles can lead to a drag reduction for the flat plate. Preliminary simulations show that the rows of tubercles interact with the boundary layer by modifying the pressure distribution, velocity and direction of the flow. The tubercles appear to generate vortices that are similar to those created by sinusoidal tubercles on the leading edge of foils, which tend to thin the boundary layer. A change in the total drag of the plate with tubercle is also noticeable, which even decreases from the baseline (flat plate with no tubercles), at certain combinations of position and tubercle amplitude.

KW - CFD

KW - biomimetic tubercles

KW - humpback whale

M3 - Paper

ER -

Marino A, Atlar M, Demirel YK. An investigation of the effect of biomimetic tubercles on a flat plate. 2019. Paper presented at ASME 2019 38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2019, Glasgow, United Kingdom.