An investigation of glass-fibre-reinforced polyamide 66 during conditioning in various automotive fluids

James L. Thomason, Glen Porteus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)
49 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Injection moulded glass-fiber reinforced polyamide 66 composites and unreinforced polymer samples have been characterised during conditioning up to 900 hours in water, ethylene glycol and water-glycol mixture at 50°C and 70°C. All materials showed significant fluid and temperature dependent weight and volume increase. Glass reinforcement significantly reduced the polymer fluid uptake. The absorption of the antifreeze mixture initially follows a simple rule of mixtures of the absorption of the two individual components. However, after absorption of approximately 5% a significantly higher than predicted level of antifreeze absorption was observed. This coincided with a significant increase in the volumetric swelling coefficient. Dynamic mechanical analysis and unnotched impact testing indicated significant changes in composite mechanical performance dependent on conditioning fluid and temperature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1369-1379
Number of pages11
JournalPolymer Composites
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

Fingerprint

Nylons
Polyamides
Glass fibers
Fluids
Polymers
Impact testing
Glycols
Ethylene Glycol
Water
Composite materials
Dynamic mechanical analysis
Ethylene glycol
Swelling
Reinforcement
Glass
Temperature
fiberglass

Keywords

  • polyamide 66
  • glass fibre
  • automotive fluids

Cite this

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abstract = "Injection moulded glass-fiber reinforced polyamide 66 composites and unreinforced polymer samples have been characterised during conditioning up to 900 hours in water, ethylene glycol and water-glycol mixture at 50°C and 70°C. All materials showed significant fluid and temperature dependent weight and volume increase. Glass reinforcement significantly reduced the polymer fluid uptake. The absorption of the antifreeze mixture initially follows a simple rule of mixtures of the absorption of the two individual components. However, after absorption of approximately 5{\%} a significantly higher than predicted level of antifreeze absorption was observed. This coincided with a significant increase in the volumetric swelling coefficient. Dynamic mechanical analysis and unnotched impact testing indicated significant changes in composite mechanical performance dependent on conditioning fluid and temperature.",
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An investigation of glass-fibre-reinforced polyamide 66 during conditioning in various automotive fluids. / Thomason, James L.; Porteus, Glen.

In: Polymer Composites, Vol. 32, No. 9, 09.2011, p. 1369-1379.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Thomason, James L.

AU - Porteus, Glen

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AB - Injection moulded glass-fiber reinforced polyamide 66 composites and unreinforced polymer samples have been characterised during conditioning up to 900 hours in water, ethylene glycol and water-glycol mixture at 50°C and 70°C. All materials showed significant fluid and temperature dependent weight and volume increase. Glass reinforcement significantly reduced the polymer fluid uptake. The absorption of the antifreeze mixture initially follows a simple rule of mixtures of the absorption of the two individual components. However, after absorption of approximately 5% a significantly higher than predicted level of antifreeze absorption was observed. This coincided with a significant increase in the volumetric swelling coefficient. Dynamic mechanical analysis and unnotched impact testing indicated significant changes in composite mechanical performance dependent on conditioning fluid and temperature.

KW - polyamide 66

KW - glass fibre

KW - automotive fluids

U2 - 10.1002/pc.21160

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