An investigation of exoskeleton robotic systems in assisting construction tasks

Xiu-Tian Yan, Jenna Browne, Cameron Swanson, Cong Niu, Graeme Bisland, Youhua Li, Alan Johnston

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Whilst industrial robots have been widely used in many industrial sectors, they are predominantly used in a structured factory environment. In recent years, off-site robotics have been investigated extensively and there are some promising candidates emerging. One such category of robots is exoskeleton robots and this paper provides an in-depth assessment of their suitability in assisting human operators in undertaking manual operations typically found in the construction industry. This work aims to objectively assess the advantages and disadvantages of these two suits and provide recommendations for further improvements of similar system designs. The paper focuses on the passive exoskeleton robotic suits which are commercially available. Three types of activities are designed and a mechatronic methodology has been designed and implemented to capture visual data in order to assess these systems in comparison with normal human operations. The study suggests that these passive suits do reduce the effort required by human operators to undertake the same construction tasks as evidenced by the results from one focused study, though a number of improvements could be made to improve their performance for wider adoption.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-241
Number of pages26
JournalIntelligent Information Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2023


  • exoskeleton
  • robotics
  • construction manufacturing


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