An investigation into personality and situation in the maintenance if subjective experience in a laboratory

Marc Obonsawin, J. Smallwood, D. Heim, H. Reid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study investigated the relationship between personality variables, task processing, and the self-report of subjective experience, including thought content, time perception, and awareness of task stimuli. In particular, this study was concerned with dis-entangling the role of environmental and dispositional influences on subjective experience. Thirty-eight participants were engaged in either a memory or a fluency task during which verbal reports of various aspects of subjective experience were recorded. Personality variables were measured using the Self-Consciousness Scale and the Thought Occurrence Questionnaire. The pattern of correlations between specific subjective aspects of attention and dispositional indices suggested that dispositional variables were important in determining subjective experience during the memory task, particularly in the encoding phase. In the fluency task, disposition made a smaller contribution to specific measures of attention, a finding consistent with a self-regulatory framework. Finally, the report of thoughts unrelated to the current situation were proportional to the number of false positives reported in the memory task, supporting the assertion that the quality of phenomenal experience is important in the process of source monitoring.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-322
Number of pages3
JournalImagination, Cognition and Personality Consciousness in Theory - Research - Clinical Practice
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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Personality
Maintenance
Time Perception
Consciousness
Self Report
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • personality
  • social psychology
  • educational psychology
  • phenomenal experience

Cite this

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AU - Smallwood, J.

AU - Heim, D.

AU - Reid, H.

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N2 - This study investigated the relationship between personality variables, task processing, and the self-report of subjective experience, including thought content, time perception, and awareness of task stimuli. In particular, this study was concerned with dis-entangling the role of environmental and dispositional influences on subjective experience. Thirty-eight participants were engaged in either a memory or a fluency task during which verbal reports of various aspects of subjective experience were recorded. Personality variables were measured using the Self-Consciousness Scale and the Thought Occurrence Questionnaire. The pattern of correlations between specific subjective aspects of attention and dispositional indices suggested that dispositional variables were important in determining subjective experience during the memory task, particularly in the encoding phase. In the fluency task, disposition made a smaller contribution to specific measures of attention, a finding consistent with a self-regulatory framework. Finally, the report of thoughts unrelated to the current situation were proportional to the number of false positives reported in the memory task, supporting the assertion that the quality of phenomenal experience is important in the process of source monitoring.

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KW - social psychology

KW - educational psychology

KW - phenomenal experience

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