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### Abstract

In this paper we study the inverse problem of recovering the spatially varying material properties of a solid polycrystalline object from ultrasonic travel time measurements taken between pairs of points lying on the domain boundary. We consider a medium of constant density in which the orientation of the material's lattice structure varies in a piecewise constant manner, generating locally anisotropic regions in which the wave speed varies according to the incident wave direction and the material's known slowness curve. This particular problem is inspired by current challenges faced by the ultrasonic non-destructive testing of polycrystalline solids.

We model the geometry of the material using Voronoi tessellations and study two simplified inverse problems where we ignore wave refraction.

In the first problem, the Voronoi geometry itself and the orientations associated to each region are unknowns. We solve this non-smooth, non-convex optimization problem using a multi-start nonlinear least squares method.

Good reconstructions are achieved but the method is shown to be sensitive to the addition of noise.

The second problem considers the reconstruction of the orientations on a fixed, square mesh. This is a smooth optimization problem but with a much larger number of degrees of freedom. We prove that the orientations can be determined uniquely given enough boundary measurements and provide a numerical method that is more stable with respect to the addition of noise.

We model the geometry of the material using Voronoi tessellations and study two simplified inverse problems where we ignore wave refraction.

In the first problem, the Voronoi geometry itself and the orientations associated to each region are unknowns. We solve this non-smooth, non-convex optimization problem using a multi-start nonlinear least squares method.

Good reconstructions are achieved but the method is shown to be sensitive to the addition of noise.

The second problem considers the reconstruction of the orientations on a fixed, square mesh. This is a smooth optimization problem but with a much larger number of degrees of freedom. We prove that the orientations can be determined uniquely given enough boundary measurements and provide a numerical method that is more stable with respect to the addition of noise.

Original language | English |
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Number of pages | 23 |

Journal | Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Accepted/In press - 1 Oct 2020 |

### Keywords

- Voronoi diagrams
- inverse problem
- ultrasonic arrays

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## Profiles

## Projects

- 1 Active

## AME NDT (Anisotropic Media Evaluation for Non-Destructive Testing)

EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council)

29/06/18 → 28/06/21

Project: Research Fellowship

## Cite this

Bourne, D. P., Mulholland, A. J., Sahu, S., & Tant, K. M. M. (Accepted/In press). An inverse problem for Voronoi diagrams: a simplified model of nondestructive testing with ultrasonic array.

*Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences*. https://doi.org/10.1002/mma.6977