An innovative agro-forestry supply chain for residual biomass: physicochemical characterisation of biochar from olive and hazelnut pellets

Ilaria Zambon, Fabrisio Colisimo, Danilo Monarca, Massimo Cecchini, Francesco Gallucci, Andrea Rosario Proto, Richard Lord, Andrea Colantoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Concerns about climate change and food productivity have spurred interest in biochar, a form of charred organic material typically used in agriculture to improve soil productivity and as a means of carbon sequestration. An innovative approach in agriculture is the use of agro-forestry waste for the production of soil fertilisers for agricultural purposes and as a source of energy. A common agricultural practice is to burn crop residues in the field to produce ashes that can be used as soil fertilisers. This approach is able to supply plants with certain nutrients, such as Ca, K, Mg, Na, B, S, and Mo. However, the low concentration of N and P in the ashes, together with the occasional presence of heavy metals (Ni, Pb, Cd, Se, Al, etc.), has a negative effect on soil and, therefore, crop productivity. This work describes the opportunity to create an innovative supply chain from agricultural waste biomass. Olive (Olea europaea) and hazelnut (Corylus avellana) pruning residues represent a major component of biomass waste in the area of Viterbo (Italy). In this study, we evaluated the production of biochar from these residues. Furthermore, a physicochemical characterisation of the produced biochar was performed to assess the quality of the two biochars according to the standards of the European Biochar Certificate (EBC). The results of this study indicate the cost-effective production of high-quality biochar from olive and hazelnut biomass residues.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalEnergies
Volume9
Issue number526
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jul 2016

Fingerprint

Forestry
Biomass
Ashes
Supply Chain
Supply chains
Soil
Productivity
Soils
Agriculture
Fertilizers
Crops
Heavy Metals
Agricultural wastes
Climate Change
Certificate
Pruning
Nutrients
Climate change
Heavy metals
Carbon

Keywords

  • biochar
  • biomass
  • soil fertilizer
  • olive
  • hazelnut

Cite this

Zambon, Ilaria ; Colisimo, Fabrisio ; Monarca, Danilo ; Cecchini, Massimo ; Gallucci, Francesco ; Proto, Andrea Rosario ; Lord, Richard ; Colantoni, Andrea. / An innovative agro-forestry supply chain for residual biomass : physicochemical characterisation of biochar from olive and hazelnut pellets. In: Energies. 2016 ; Vol. 9, No. 526.
@article{6ef46af0ad7b410580dc5dba0e48db49,
title = "An innovative agro-forestry supply chain for residual biomass: physicochemical characterisation of biochar from olive and hazelnut pellets",
abstract = "Concerns about climate change and food productivity have spurred interest in biochar, a form of charred organic material typically used in agriculture to improve soil productivity and as a means of carbon sequestration. An innovative approach in agriculture is the use of agro-forestry waste for the production of soil fertilisers for agricultural purposes and as a source of energy. A common agricultural practice is to burn crop residues in the field to produce ashes that can be used as soil fertilisers. This approach is able to supply plants with certain nutrients, such as Ca, K, Mg, Na, B, S, and Mo. However, the low concentration of N and P in the ashes, together with the occasional presence of heavy metals (Ni, Pb, Cd, Se, Al, etc.), has a negative effect on soil and, therefore, crop productivity. This work describes the opportunity to create an innovative supply chain from agricultural waste biomass. Olive (Olea europaea) and hazelnut (Corylus avellana) pruning residues represent a major component of biomass waste in the area of Viterbo (Italy). In this study, we evaluated the production of biochar from these residues. Furthermore, a physicochemical characterisation of the produced biochar was performed to assess the quality of the two biochars according to the standards of the European Biochar Certificate (EBC). The results of this study indicate the cost-effective production of high-quality biochar from olive and hazelnut biomass residues.",
keywords = "biochar, biomass, soil fertilizer, olive, hazelnut",
author = "Ilaria Zambon and Fabrisio Colisimo and Danilo Monarca and Massimo Cecchini and Francesco Gallucci and Proto, {Andrea Rosario} and Richard Lord and Andrea Colantoni",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "9",
doi = "10.3390/en9070526",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Energies",
issn = "1996-1073",
number = "526",

}

An innovative agro-forestry supply chain for residual biomass : physicochemical characterisation of biochar from olive and hazelnut pellets. / Zambon, Ilaria; Colisimo, Fabrisio; Monarca, Danilo; Cecchini, Massimo; Gallucci, Francesco; Proto, Andrea Rosario; Lord, Richard; Colantoni, Andrea.

In: Energies, Vol. 9, No. 526, 09.07.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - An innovative agro-forestry supply chain for residual biomass

T2 - Energies

AU - Zambon, Ilaria

AU - Colisimo, Fabrisio

AU - Monarca, Danilo

AU - Cecchini, Massimo

AU - Gallucci, Francesco

AU - Proto, Andrea Rosario

AU - Lord, Richard

AU - Colantoni, Andrea

PY - 2016/7/9

Y1 - 2016/7/9

N2 - Concerns about climate change and food productivity have spurred interest in biochar, a form of charred organic material typically used in agriculture to improve soil productivity and as a means of carbon sequestration. An innovative approach in agriculture is the use of agro-forestry waste for the production of soil fertilisers for agricultural purposes and as a source of energy. A common agricultural practice is to burn crop residues in the field to produce ashes that can be used as soil fertilisers. This approach is able to supply plants with certain nutrients, such as Ca, K, Mg, Na, B, S, and Mo. However, the low concentration of N and P in the ashes, together with the occasional presence of heavy metals (Ni, Pb, Cd, Se, Al, etc.), has a negative effect on soil and, therefore, crop productivity. This work describes the opportunity to create an innovative supply chain from agricultural waste biomass. Olive (Olea europaea) and hazelnut (Corylus avellana) pruning residues represent a major component of biomass waste in the area of Viterbo (Italy). In this study, we evaluated the production of biochar from these residues. Furthermore, a physicochemical characterisation of the produced biochar was performed to assess the quality of the two biochars according to the standards of the European Biochar Certificate (EBC). The results of this study indicate the cost-effective production of high-quality biochar from olive and hazelnut biomass residues.

AB - Concerns about climate change and food productivity have spurred interest in biochar, a form of charred organic material typically used in agriculture to improve soil productivity and as a means of carbon sequestration. An innovative approach in agriculture is the use of agro-forestry waste for the production of soil fertilisers for agricultural purposes and as a source of energy. A common agricultural practice is to burn crop residues in the field to produce ashes that can be used as soil fertilisers. This approach is able to supply plants with certain nutrients, such as Ca, K, Mg, Na, B, S, and Mo. However, the low concentration of N and P in the ashes, together with the occasional presence of heavy metals (Ni, Pb, Cd, Se, Al, etc.), has a negative effect on soil and, therefore, crop productivity. This work describes the opportunity to create an innovative supply chain from agricultural waste biomass. Olive (Olea europaea) and hazelnut (Corylus avellana) pruning residues represent a major component of biomass waste in the area of Viterbo (Italy). In this study, we evaluated the production of biochar from these residues. Furthermore, a physicochemical characterisation of the produced biochar was performed to assess the quality of the two biochars according to the standards of the European Biochar Certificate (EBC). The results of this study indicate the cost-effective production of high-quality biochar from olive and hazelnut biomass residues.

KW - biochar

KW - biomass

KW - soil fertilizer

KW - olive

KW - hazelnut

UR - http://www.mdpi.com/journal/energies

U2 - 10.3390/en9070526

DO - 10.3390/en9070526

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Energies

JF - Energies

SN - 1996-1073

IS - 526

ER -