An improved fibre optic strain sensor for gas tank monitoring with RF subcarrier phase and I and Q demodulation techniques

G.J. Thursby, F. Dong, B. Culshaw, G. Massaro, B. Glisic, D. Inaudi

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

With increased interest in the use of compressed gas as a vehicle fuel, attention has been focussed on the safety issues surrounding the tanks used to store the fuel. Currently it is necessary to remove the tanks from the vehicle in order to inspect them, which entails a considerable cost in manpower and takes the vehicle being out of service. We have been developing a sensor scheme that can provide in situ monitoring of the tanks condition. This entails bonding optical fibre sensors to the tank and using them to measure the strains experienced by the tank during pressurisation. If the tank is significantly damaged, then the tank will expand in a distorted manner. We therefore measure the strain characteristics of a healthy tank and use them as a reference for future measurements. The method of strain measurement is the well established rf subcarrier phase detection technique, however in this application the changes in optical power caused by microbending of the fibres during pressurisation produces inaccuracies. In order to overcome this problem we use both in- phase and quadrature mixing and then take the ratio of the outputs to obtain a value of arctangent that is independent of amplitude.
Original languageEnglish
Pages381-389
Number of pages9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005
EventSmart Structures and Materials 2005 Conference - San Diego, United States
Duration: 7 Mar 200510 Mar 2005

Conference

ConferenceSmart Structures and Materials 2005 Conference
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period7/03/0510/03/05

Fingerprint

Demodulation
Fiber optics
Pressurization
Monitoring
Sensors
Gases
Strain measurement
Fiber optic sensors
Fibers
Costs

Keywords

  • rf subcarrier phase detection
  • damage detection
  • optical fibre sensors
  • improved
  • fibre optic
  • strain sensor
  • gas tank monitoring

Cite this

Thursby, G. J., Dong, F., Culshaw, B., Massaro, G., Glisic, B., & Inaudi, D. (2005). An improved fibre optic strain sensor for gas tank monitoring with RF subcarrier phase and I and Q demodulation techniques. 381-389. Paper presented at Smart Structures and Materials 2005 Conference , San Diego, United States. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.605523
Thursby, G.J. ; Dong, F. ; Culshaw, B. ; Massaro, G. ; Glisic, B. ; Inaudi, D. / An improved fibre optic strain sensor for gas tank monitoring with RF subcarrier phase and I and Q demodulation techniques. Paper presented at Smart Structures and Materials 2005 Conference , San Diego, United States.9 p.
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abstract = "With increased interest in the use of compressed gas as a vehicle fuel, attention has been focussed on the safety issues surrounding the tanks used to store the fuel. Currently it is necessary to remove the tanks from the vehicle in order to inspect them, which entails a considerable cost in manpower and takes the vehicle being out of service. We have been developing a sensor scheme that can provide in situ monitoring of the tanks condition. This entails bonding optical fibre sensors to the tank and using them to measure the strains experienced by the tank during pressurisation. If the tank is significantly damaged, then the tank will expand in a distorted manner. We therefore measure the strain characteristics of a healthy tank and use them as a reference for future measurements. The method of strain measurement is the well established rf subcarrier phase detection technique, however in this application the changes in optical power caused by microbending of the fibres during pressurisation produces inaccuracies. In order to overcome this problem we use both in- phase and quadrature mixing and then take the ratio of the outputs to obtain a value of arctangent that is independent of amplitude.",
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Thursby, GJ, Dong, F, Culshaw, B, Massaro, G, Glisic, B & Inaudi, D 2005, 'An improved fibre optic strain sensor for gas tank monitoring with RF subcarrier phase and I and Q demodulation techniques' Paper presented at Smart Structures and Materials 2005 Conference , San Diego, United States, 7/03/05 - 10/03/05, pp. 381-389. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.605523

An improved fibre optic strain sensor for gas tank monitoring with RF subcarrier phase and I and Q demodulation techniques. / Thursby, G.J.; Dong, F.; Culshaw, B.; Massaro, G.; Glisic, B.; Inaudi, D.

2005. 381-389 Paper presented at Smart Structures and Materials 2005 Conference , San Diego, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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T1 - An improved fibre optic strain sensor for gas tank monitoring with RF subcarrier phase and I and Q demodulation techniques

AU - Thursby, G.J.

AU - Dong, F.

AU - Culshaw, B.

AU - Massaro, G.

AU - Glisic, B.

AU - Inaudi, D.

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Y1 - 2005/3

N2 - With increased interest in the use of compressed gas as a vehicle fuel, attention has been focussed on the safety issues surrounding the tanks used to store the fuel. Currently it is necessary to remove the tanks from the vehicle in order to inspect them, which entails a considerable cost in manpower and takes the vehicle being out of service. We have been developing a sensor scheme that can provide in situ monitoring of the tanks condition. This entails bonding optical fibre sensors to the tank and using them to measure the strains experienced by the tank during pressurisation. If the tank is significantly damaged, then the tank will expand in a distorted manner. We therefore measure the strain characteristics of a healthy tank and use them as a reference for future measurements. The method of strain measurement is the well established rf subcarrier phase detection technique, however in this application the changes in optical power caused by microbending of the fibres during pressurisation produces inaccuracies. In order to overcome this problem we use both in- phase and quadrature mixing and then take the ratio of the outputs to obtain a value of arctangent that is independent of amplitude.

AB - With increased interest in the use of compressed gas as a vehicle fuel, attention has been focussed on the safety issues surrounding the tanks used to store the fuel. Currently it is necessary to remove the tanks from the vehicle in order to inspect them, which entails a considerable cost in manpower and takes the vehicle being out of service. We have been developing a sensor scheme that can provide in situ monitoring of the tanks condition. This entails bonding optical fibre sensors to the tank and using them to measure the strains experienced by the tank during pressurisation. If the tank is significantly damaged, then the tank will expand in a distorted manner. We therefore measure the strain characteristics of a healthy tank and use them as a reference for future measurements. The method of strain measurement is the well established rf subcarrier phase detection technique, however in this application the changes in optical power caused by microbending of the fibres during pressurisation produces inaccuracies. In order to overcome this problem we use both in- phase and quadrature mixing and then take the ratio of the outputs to obtain a value of arctangent that is independent of amplitude.

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KW - damage detection

KW - optical fibre sensors

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KW - fibre optic

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Thursby GJ, Dong F, Culshaw B, Massaro G, Glisic B, Inaudi D. An improved fibre optic strain sensor for gas tank monitoring with RF subcarrier phase and I and Q demodulation techniques. 2005. Paper presented at Smart Structures and Materials 2005 Conference , San Diego, United States. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.605523