We study the numerical solution of a class of parabolic integro-differential equations with weakly singular kernels. We use an $hp$-version discontinuous Galerkin (DG) method for the discretization in time. We derive optimal $hp$-version error estimates and show that exponential rates of convergence can be achieved for solutions with singular (temporal) behavior near $t=0$ caused by the weakly singular kernel. Moreover, we prove that by using nonuniformly refined time steps, optimal algebraic convergence rates can be achieved for the $h$-version DG method. We then combine the DG time-stepping method with a standard finite element discretization in space, and present an optimal error analysis of the resulting fully discrete scheme. Our theoretical results are numerically validated in a series of test problems.
- discontinuous galerkin
- integro-differential equation
- parabolic type