An extended Interval Type-2 Fuzzy VIKOR technique with equitable linguistic scales and Z-Numbers for solving water security problems in Malaysia

Wan Nur Amira Wan Azman, Nurnadiah Zamri*, Siti Sabariah Abas, Azimah Ismail, Zamali Tarmudi, Syibrah Naim, Lazim Abdullah, Jesus Alcala-Fdez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Interval Type-2 Fuzzy VIseKriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (IT2FVIKOR) technique is one of the techniques of Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Decision Making (IT2FMCDM), which was developed to solve problems involving conflicting and multiple objectives. Most of the IT2FVIKOR methods are created from linguistic variables based on Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Set (IT2FS) and its generalization, such as Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Numbers (IT2FNs). Recent literature suggests that equitable linguistic scales can offer a better alternative, particularly when IT2FSs have some limitations in handling uncertainty and imbalance. This paper proposes the extended IT2FVIKOR with an equitable linguistic scale and Z-Numbers, where its linguistic scale introduces an equitable balance of positive and negative scales added to the restriction and reliability approach. Different from the typical IT2FVIKOR, which directly utilizes IT2FNs with a positive membership, the proposed method introduces positive and negative membership where each side considers a restriction and reliability approach. Besides, this paper also offers objective weights using fuzzy entropy-based IT2FS to calculate the weights of the extended IT2FVIKOR. The obtained solutions would help decision makers (DMs) identify the best solution to enhance water security projects in terms of finding the best strategies for water supply security in Malaysia.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9270880
Pages (from-to)1-26
Number of pages26
JournalAdvances in Fuzzy Systems
Volume2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Decision Making (FMCDM)
  • Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM)
  • Type-1 Fuzzy Sets (T1FSs)
  • water security
  • water sources
  • groundwater monitoring
  • water infrastructure

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