An expert-systems approach to automatically determining flaw depth within candu pressure tubes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Delayed Hydride Cracking (DHC) is a crack growth mechanism that occurs in zirconium alloys, including the pressure tubes of CANDU reactors. DHC is caused by hydrogen in solution in zirconium components being diffused to any flaws present, resulting in an increased concentration of hydrogen within these flaws. An increased hydrogen concentration can lead to brittleness, followed by cracking, in high-stress regions of a pressure tube. Regular in-service ultrasonic inspection of CANDU pressure tubes aims to locate and classify any flaws that pose a potential for DHC initiation. A common approach to inspection is the use of a bespoke tool containing multiple ultrasonic transducers to ensure that each point on the pressure tube is inspected from a minimum of three angles during a scan. All flaws from within the inspected pressure tubes must be characterized prior to restarting the reactor, thus the time-consuming analysis process lies on the critical outage path. This process is manually intensive and often requires a significant amount of expert knowledge. A modular system to automatically process outage data to provide decision support to analysts has been developed. This system saves time on the critical outage path while providing repeatable and explicable measurements. Part of the analysis process requires the depth of all flaws to be measured, which is often the most time consuming stage of the analysis process. This paper describes an approach that utilizes captured analysts knowledge to perform automatic flaw depth estimation.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation, Control, and Human-Machine Interface Technologies, NPIC and HMIT 2017
EditorsAmerican Nuclear Society
Place of PublicationRed Hook, NY
Pages904-913
Number of pages10
Volume2
ISBN (Electronic)9781510851160
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2017
Event10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation, Control, and Human-Machine Interface Technologies, NPIC and HMIT 2017 - Hyatt Regency, San Francisco, United States
Duration: 11 Jun 201715 Jun 2017
http://npic-hmit2017.org/

Conference

Conference10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation, Control, and Human-Machine Interface Technologies, NPIC and HMIT 2017
Abbreviated titleNPIC and HMIT 2017
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period11/06/1715/06/17
Internet address

Fingerprint

Expert systems
Defects
Outages
Hydrides
Hydrogen
Inspection
Zirconium alloys
Ultrasonic transducers
Brittleness
Zirconium
Crack propagation
Ultrasonics

Keywords

  • automation
  • expert system
  • ultrasonic NDE

Cite this

Lardner, T., West, G. M., Dobie, G., & Gachagan, A. (2017). An expert-systems approach to automatically determining flaw depth within candu pressure tubes. In A. N. S. (Ed.), 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation, Control, and Human-Machine Interface Technologies, NPIC and HMIT 2017 (Vol. 2, pp. 904-913). Red Hook, NY.
Lardner, T. ; West, G. M. ; Dobie, G. ; Gachagan, A. / An expert-systems approach to automatically determining flaw depth within candu pressure tubes. 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation, Control, and Human-Machine Interface Technologies, NPIC and HMIT 2017. editor / American Nuclear Society. Vol. 2 Red Hook, NY, 2017. pp. 904-913
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abstract = "Delayed Hydride Cracking (DHC) is a crack growth mechanism that occurs in zirconium alloys, including the pressure tubes of CANDU reactors. DHC is caused by hydrogen in solution in zirconium components being diffused to any flaws present, resulting in an increased concentration of hydrogen within these flaws. An increased hydrogen concentration can lead to brittleness, followed by cracking, in high-stress regions of a pressure tube. Regular in-service ultrasonic inspection of CANDU pressure tubes aims to locate and classify any flaws that pose a potential for DHC initiation. A common approach to inspection is the use of a bespoke tool containing multiple ultrasonic transducers to ensure that each point on the pressure tube is inspected from a minimum of three angles during a scan. All flaws from within the inspected pressure tubes must be characterized prior to restarting the reactor, thus the time-consuming analysis process lies on the critical outage path. This process is manually intensive and often requires a significant amount of expert knowledge. A modular system to automatically process outage data to provide decision support to analysts has been developed. This system saves time on the critical outage path while providing repeatable and explicable measurements. Part of the analysis process requires the depth of all flaws to be measured, which is often the most time consuming stage of the analysis process. This paper describes an approach that utilizes captured analysts knowledge to perform automatic flaw depth estimation.",
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Lardner, T, West, GM, Dobie, G & Gachagan, A 2017, An expert-systems approach to automatically determining flaw depth within candu pressure tubes. in ANS (ed.), 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation, Control, and Human-Machine Interface Technologies, NPIC and HMIT 2017. vol. 2, Red Hook, NY, pp. 904-913, 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation, Control, and Human-Machine Interface Technologies, NPIC and HMIT 2017, San Francisco, United States, 11/06/17.

An expert-systems approach to automatically determining flaw depth within candu pressure tubes. / Lardner, T.; West, G. M.; Dobie, G.; Gachagan, A.

10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation, Control, and Human-Machine Interface Technologies, NPIC and HMIT 2017. ed. / American Nuclear Society. Vol. 2 Red Hook, NY, 2017. p. 904-913.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

TY - GEN

T1 - An expert-systems approach to automatically determining flaw depth within candu pressure tubes

AU - Lardner, T.

AU - West, G. M.

AU - Dobie, G.

AU - Gachagan, A.

PY - 2017/6/15

Y1 - 2017/6/15

N2 - Delayed Hydride Cracking (DHC) is a crack growth mechanism that occurs in zirconium alloys, including the pressure tubes of CANDU reactors. DHC is caused by hydrogen in solution in zirconium components being diffused to any flaws present, resulting in an increased concentration of hydrogen within these flaws. An increased hydrogen concentration can lead to brittleness, followed by cracking, in high-stress regions of a pressure tube. Regular in-service ultrasonic inspection of CANDU pressure tubes aims to locate and classify any flaws that pose a potential for DHC initiation. A common approach to inspection is the use of a bespoke tool containing multiple ultrasonic transducers to ensure that each point on the pressure tube is inspected from a minimum of three angles during a scan. All flaws from within the inspected pressure tubes must be characterized prior to restarting the reactor, thus the time-consuming analysis process lies on the critical outage path. This process is manually intensive and often requires a significant amount of expert knowledge. A modular system to automatically process outage data to provide decision support to analysts has been developed. This system saves time on the critical outage path while providing repeatable and explicable measurements. Part of the analysis process requires the depth of all flaws to be measured, which is often the most time consuming stage of the analysis process. This paper describes an approach that utilizes captured analysts knowledge to perform automatic flaw depth estimation.

AB - Delayed Hydride Cracking (DHC) is a crack growth mechanism that occurs in zirconium alloys, including the pressure tubes of CANDU reactors. DHC is caused by hydrogen in solution in zirconium components being diffused to any flaws present, resulting in an increased concentration of hydrogen within these flaws. An increased hydrogen concentration can lead to brittleness, followed by cracking, in high-stress regions of a pressure tube. Regular in-service ultrasonic inspection of CANDU pressure tubes aims to locate and classify any flaws that pose a potential for DHC initiation. A common approach to inspection is the use of a bespoke tool containing multiple ultrasonic transducers to ensure that each point on the pressure tube is inspected from a minimum of three angles during a scan. All flaws from within the inspected pressure tubes must be characterized prior to restarting the reactor, thus the time-consuming analysis process lies on the critical outage path. This process is manually intensive and often requires a significant amount of expert knowledge. A modular system to automatically process outage data to provide decision support to analysts has been developed. This system saves time on the critical outage path while providing repeatable and explicable measurements. Part of the analysis process requires the depth of all flaws to be measured, which is often the most time consuming stage of the analysis process. This paper describes an approach that utilizes captured analysts knowledge to perform automatic flaw depth estimation.

KW - automation

KW - expert system

KW - ultrasonic NDE

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UR - http://npic-hmit2017.org/

M3 - Conference contribution book

VL - 2

SP - 904

EP - 913

BT - 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation, Control, and Human-Machine Interface Technologies, NPIC and HMIT 2017

A2 - null, American Nuclear Society

CY - Red Hook, NY

ER -

Lardner T, West GM, Dobie G, Gachagan A. An expert-systems approach to automatically determining flaw depth within candu pressure tubes. In ANS, editor, 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation, Control, and Human-Machine Interface Technologies, NPIC and HMIT 2017. Vol. 2. Red Hook, NY. 2017. p. 904-913