An experimental investigation of hydrodynamic coefficients for a vertical truncated rectangular cylinder due to regular and random waves

V. Vengatesan, K.S. Varyani, N. Barltrop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The research into hydrodynamic loading on ocean structures has concentrated mostly on circular cross-section members and relatively limited work has been carried out on wave loading on other cross-sections such as rectangular sections. These find applications in many off-shore structures as columns and pontoons in semi-submersibles and tension-leg platforms. The present investigation demonstrates the behaviour of rectangular cylinders subject to wave loading and also supplies the hydrodynamic coefficients for the design of these sections. This paper presents the results of wave forces acting on a surface piercing truncated rectangular cylinder set vertically in a towing tank. The experiments are carried out in a water depth of 2.2 m with regular and random waves for low Keulegan-Carpenter number up to 6. The rectangular cylinder is of 2 m length, 0.2 m breadth and 0.4 m width with a submergence depth of 1.45 m from still water level. Based on Morison equation, the relationship between inertia and drag coefficients are evaluated and are presented as a function of KC number for various values of frequency parameter β, for two aspect ratios of cylinders, equals to 1/2 and 2/1. Drag and inertia coefficients obtained through regular wave tests are used for the random wave analysis to compute the in-line force spectrum. The results of the experiments show the drag and inertia coefficients are strongly affected by the variation in the aspect ratios of the cylinder. The drag coefficients decreases and inertia coefficients increases with increase in Keulegan-Carpenter number up to the range of KC number tested. The random wave results show a good correlation between measured and computed force spectrums. The transverse forces in both regular and random waves are found to be small compared to in-line forces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-313
Number of pages23
JournalOcean Engineering
Volume27
Issue number3
Early online date23 Aug 1999
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2000

Keywords

  • aspect ratio
  • drag and inertia coefficients
  • Fourier average technique
  • lift coefficients
  • random waves
  • rectangular cylinder

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