Projects per year

### Abstract

In this paper we investigate optimal pole-sitter orbits using hybrid solar sail and solar electric propulsion (SEP). A pole-sitter is a spacecraft that is constantly above one of the Earth's poles, by means of a continuous thrust. Optimal orbits, that minimize propellant mass consumption, are found both through a shape-based approach, and solving an optimal control problem, using a direct method based on pseudo-spectral techniques. Both the pure SEP case and the hybrid case are investigated and compared. It is found that the hybrid spacecraft allows consistent savings on propellant mass fraction. Finally, is it shown that for sufficiently long missions (more than 8 years), a hybrid spacecraft, based on mid-term technology, enables a consistent reduction in the launch mass for a given payload, with respect to a pure SEP spacecraft.

Original language | English |
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Pages | article: AIAA-2010 |

Publication status | Published - 2 Aug 2010 |

Event | AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference 2010 - Toronto, Canada Duration: 2 Aug 2010 → 5 Aug 2010 |

### Conference

Conference | AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference 2010 |
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City | Toronto, Canada |

Period | 2/08/10 → 5/08/10 |

### Keywords

- hybrid solar sail propulsion
- solar electric propulsion
- pole-sitter orbits
- propellant mass fraction

## Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'An earth pole-sitter using hybrid propulsion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

## Projects

- 1 Finished

## VISIONSPACE - VISIONARY SPACE SYSTEMS: ORBITAL DYNAMICS AT EXTREMES OF SPACECRAFT LENGTH SCALE (ERC ADVANCED GRANT)

McInnes, C.

European Commission - FP7 - European Research Council

1/02/09 → 30/09/14

Project: Research

## Cite this

Ceriotti, M., & McInnes, C. R. (2010).

*An earth pole-sitter using hybrid propulsion*. article: AIAA-2010. Paper presented at AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference 2010, Toronto, Canada, .