An anisotropic elastoplastic model for soft clays

Simon J. Wheeler, Anu Naatanen, Minna Karstunen, Matti Lojander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

430 Citations (Scopus)


An anisotropic elastoplastic model for soft clays is presented. Experimental data from multistage drained triaxial stress path tests on Otaniemi clay from Finland provide support for the proposed shape of the yield curve and for the proposed relationship describing the change of yield curve inclination with plastic straining. Procedures are proposed for determining the initial inclination of the yield curve and the values of the two additional soil constants within the model. Comparisons of model simulations with experimental data demonstrate significant improvements in the performance of the new model over the Modified Cam Clay model. The remaining discrepancies are mainly attributable to the important role of destructuration in the sensitive Otaniemi clay.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-418
Number of pages15
JournalCanadian Geotechnical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2003


  • anisotropy
  • elastoplasticity
  • soils
  • water resources
  • laboratory tests
  • rotational hardening
  • soft clays


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