Modular multilevel converter (MMC) based high voltage direct current transmission (HVDC) is an effective solution for large-scale renewable power integration over long-distance. In the overhead MMC-HVDC systems, the high voltage DC circuit breakers (DCCB) are implemented to interrupt the DC fault current. Subsequent to fault isolation, the DCCBs are required to automatically re-close to restore power transmission quickly. However, when the DCCBs are re-closed to permanent faults, they will be tripped again, resulting in a high requirement of interruption capacity for DCCBs and second overcurrent strikes on the HVDC systems. To overcome the drawbacks of the conventional auto-reclosing scheme, this paper proposes an adaptive reclosing scheme based on the active pulse injection from the converter associated with the coordination control of hybrid DCCBs. The single-end adaptive reclosing scheme as well as two ends adaptive reclosing scheme dedicated to two-terminal HVDC systems and meshed DC grids are presented respectively. By applying this method, the location of faults can also be achieved in the case of permanent faults. In order to verify the effectiveness of the proposed adaptive reclosing schemes, extensive simulations have been conducted under PSCAD/EMTDC.
- DC grids
- adaptive reclosing
- fault location
- traveling wave
Yang, S., Xiang, W., Lu, X., Zuo, W., & Wen, J. (2019). An adaptive reclosing strategy for MMC-HVDC systems with hybrid DC circuit breakers. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2019.2935311