Alkali metal cation-pi interactions stabilized solely by [M{N(SiMe3)(2)}(3)](-) anions (M = Mg or Zn): The competing influence of alkali metal center dot center dot center dot C(Me) agostic interactions

G.C. Forbes, A.R. Kennedy, R.E. Mulvey, B.A. Roberts, R.B. Rowlings

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Abstract

A series of [K(ar)(2)](+) and [Rb(toluene)(3)](+) cations (ar = benzene, toluene, o-xylene, or p-xylene) has been synthesized and crystallized in the presence of [M{N(SiMe3)(2)}(3)](-) anions (M = Mg or Zn). In the solid state all form either extended supermolecular, dimeric or supramolecular, polymeric structures. Only [K(toluene)(2)][Mg{N(SiMe3)(2)}(3)] was found to exist as both suprastructural isomers. Introducing cyclopentadienyl to the system gave a similar zincate with the unusual [K2CP](+) cation. The absence of any traditional Lewis bases facilitates' short metal-to-arene contact distances and makes these species excellent candidates for the study of alkali metal cation-pi interactions. It is shown that K-pi interactions and to a lesser extent Rb-pi interactions are heavily influenced by the number and nature of agostic methyl interactions, especially when the electron-donating ability of these is maximized by adoption of near-linear geometries. These features combine so that the weakest potassium-to-arene interaction observed is that with benzene.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5115-5121
Number of pages6
JournalOrganometallics
Volume21
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2002

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Alkali Metals
Toluene
alkali metals
Anions
Cations
anions
Benzene
cations
toluene
Lewis Bases
xylene
interactions
Isomers
benzene
Potassium
Metals
Lewis base
Geometry
Electrons
potassium

Keywords

  • crown-ether complexes
  • crystal-structures
  • chemistry
  • amide
  • potassium
  • group-12
  • benzene

Cite this

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title = "Alkali metal cation-pi interactions stabilized solely by [M{N(SiMe3)(2)}(3)](-) anions (M = Mg or Zn): The competing influence of alkali metal center dot center dot center dot C(Me) agostic interactions",
abstract = "A series of [K(ar)(2)](+) and [Rb(toluene)(3)](+) cations (ar = benzene, toluene, o-xylene, or p-xylene) has been synthesized and crystallized in the presence of [M{N(SiMe3)(2)}(3)](-) anions (M = Mg or Zn). In the solid state all form either extended supermolecular, dimeric or supramolecular, polymeric structures. Only [K(toluene)(2)][Mg{N(SiMe3)(2)}(3)] was found to exist as both suprastructural isomers. Introducing cyclopentadienyl to the system gave a similar zincate with the unusual [K2CP](+) cation. The absence of any traditional Lewis bases facilitates' short metal-to-arene contact distances and makes these species excellent candidates for the study of alkali metal cation-pi interactions. It is shown that K-pi interactions and to a lesser extent Rb-pi interactions are heavily influenced by the number and nature of agostic methyl interactions, especially when the electron-donating ability of these is maximized by adoption of near-linear geometries. These features combine so that the weakest potassium-to-arene interaction observed is that with benzene.",
keywords = "crown-ether complexes, crystal-structures, chemistry, amide, potassium, group-12, benzene",
author = "G.C. Forbes and A.R. Kennedy and R.E. Mulvey and B.A. Roberts and R.B. Rowlings",
year = "2002",
month = "11",
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doi = "10.1021/om020596u",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "5115--5121",
journal = "Organometallics",
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publisher = "American Chemical Society",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Alkali metal cation-pi interactions stabilized solely by [M{N(SiMe3)(2)}(3)](-) anions (M = Mg or Zn): The competing influence of alkali metal center dot center dot center dot C(Me) agostic interactions

AU - Forbes, G.C.

AU - Kennedy, A.R.

AU - Mulvey, R.E.

AU - Roberts, B.A.

AU - Rowlings, R.B.

PY - 2002/11/11

Y1 - 2002/11/11

N2 - A series of [K(ar)(2)](+) and [Rb(toluene)(3)](+) cations (ar = benzene, toluene, o-xylene, or p-xylene) has been synthesized and crystallized in the presence of [M{N(SiMe3)(2)}(3)](-) anions (M = Mg or Zn). In the solid state all form either extended supermolecular, dimeric or supramolecular, polymeric structures. Only [K(toluene)(2)][Mg{N(SiMe3)(2)}(3)] was found to exist as both suprastructural isomers. Introducing cyclopentadienyl to the system gave a similar zincate with the unusual [K2CP](+) cation. The absence of any traditional Lewis bases facilitates' short metal-to-arene contact distances and makes these species excellent candidates for the study of alkali metal cation-pi interactions. It is shown that K-pi interactions and to a lesser extent Rb-pi interactions are heavily influenced by the number and nature of agostic methyl interactions, especially when the electron-donating ability of these is maximized by adoption of near-linear geometries. These features combine so that the weakest potassium-to-arene interaction observed is that with benzene.

AB - A series of [K(ar)(2)](+) and [Rb(toluene)(3)](+) cations (ar = benzene, toluene, o-xylene, or p-xylene) has been synthesized and crystallized in the presence of [M{N(SiMe3)(2)}(3)](-) anions (M = Mg or Zn). In the solid state all form either extended supermolecular, dimeric or supramolecular, polymeric structures. Only [K(toluene)(2)][Mg{N(SiMe3)(2)}(3)] was found to exist as both suprastructural isomers. Introducing cyclopentadienyl to the system gave a similar zincate with the unusual [K2CP](+) cation. The absence of any traditional Lewis bases facilitates' short metal-to-arene contact distances and makes these species excellent candidates for the study of alkali metal cation-pi interactions. It is shown that K-pi interactions and to a lesser extent Rb-pi interactions are heavily influenced by the number and nature of agostic methyl interactions, especially when the electron-donating ability of these is maximized by adoption of near-linear geometries. These features combine so that the weakest potassium-to-arene interaction observed is that with benzene.

KW - crown-ether complexes

KW - crystal-structures

KW - chemistry

KW - amide

KW - potassium

KW - group-12

KW - benzene

UR - http://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/article.cgi/orgnd7/2002/21/i23/pdf/om020596u.pdf

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M3 - Article

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JO - Organometallics

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