Agent-based modeling of the demand-side flexibility

B. Kladnik, A. Gubina, G. Artac, K. Nagode, I. Kockar

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

13 Citations (Scopus)


The paper presents an agent-based approach to model the flexibility of the demand-side. It uses Q-learning algorithm to model a behavior of a demand-side agent, so to investigate the elasticity of the demand to the change in price. Often, market simulation models assume that the demand elasticity is known, however due the lack of data this elasticity is not easy to determine. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the flexibility of the total system demand, and the shift in the consumption with the price, i.e. increase in the demand when the price is low, and a decrease in the demand when the price is high. The here presented model of a demand-side agent is incorporated into the market simulator with double-sided auctions, and is tested on the Slovenian market. However, this approach can be used to estimate flexibility in any system for which the forecasted demand data and generation offers are know.
Original languageEnglish
Pages1 -8
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2011
EventIEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting 2011 - Ljubljana, Slovenia
Duration: 24 Jul 2011 → …


ConferenceIEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting 2011
Period24/07/11 → …


  • Q-learning algorithm
  • Slovenian market
  • agent-based modeling
  • demand data forecasting
  • demand elasticity
  • demand-side flexibility
  • double-sided auctions
  • market simulation models
  • learning (artificial intelligence)
  • power engineering computing
  • power generation economics
  • power markets
  • pricing


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