Africans' surprising universalism

Michael Bratton, Robert Mattes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Africa is a latecomer to democratization. In terms of timing, Africa has followed rather than led other continents in giving birth to the reform movements that have installed elected governments, multiparty systems, and more open societies around the world. Since many African countries are dependent on foreign aid, they have also experienced weighty external pressures to liberalize. One should not automatically conclude, however, that the impetus for reform comes from outside the continent rather than from within.
LanguageEnglish
Pages105-121
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Democracy
Volume12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001

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universalism
open society
multi-party system
reform movement
democratization
reform

Keywords

  • South Africa
  • universalism
  • liberalization

Cite this

Bratton, Michael ; Mattes, Robert. / Africans' surprising universalism. In: Journal of Democracy. 2001 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 105-121.
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Bratton, M & Mattes, R 2001, 'Africans' surprising universalism' Journal of Democracy, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 105-121.

Africans' surprising universalism. / Bratton, Michael; Mattes, Robert.

In: Journal of Democracy, Vol. 12, No. 1, 01.01.2001, p. 105-121.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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