AEDGE: Atomic experiment for dark matter and gravity exploration in space

AEDGE, Yousef Abou El-Neaj, Robert Bingham, Swapan Chattopadhyay

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Abstract

We propose in this White Paper a concept for a space experiment using cold atoms to search for ultra-light dark matter, and to detect gravitational waves in the frequency range between the most sensitive ranges of LISA and the terrestrial LIGO/Virgo/KAGRA/INDIGO experiments. This interdisciplinary experiment, called Atomic Experiment for Dark Matter and Gravity Exploration (AEDGE), will also complement other planned searches for dark matter, and exploit synergies with other gravitational wave detectors. We give examples of the extended range of sensitivity to ultra-light dark matter offered by AEDGE, and how its gravitational-wave measurements could explore the assembly of super-massive black holes, first-order phase transitions in the early universe and cosmic strings. AEDGE will be based upon technologies now being developed for terrestrial experiments using cold atoms, and will benefit from the space experience obtained with, e.g., LISA and cold atom experiments in microgravity. This paper is based on a submission (v1) in response to the Call for White Papers for the Voyage 2050 long-term plan in the ESA Science Programme. ESA limited the number of White Paper authors to 30. However, in this version (v2) we have welcomed as supporting authors participants in the Workshop on Atomic Experiments for Dark Matter and Gravity Exploration held at CERN: (https://indico.cern.ch/event/830432/), as well as other interested scientists, and have incorporated additional material.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6
Number of pages27
JournalEPJ Quantum Technology
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2020

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Keywords

  • gravity exploration
  • dark matter
  • space
  • cold atoms
  • ultra-light dark matter

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