Advanced concept for a crewed mission to the Martian moons

Davide Conte, Marilena Di Carlo, Dorota Budzyn, Hayden Burgoyne, Dan Fries, Maria Grulich, Sören Heizmann, Henna Jethani, Mathieu Lapôtre, Tobias Roos, Encarnación Serrano Castillo, Marcel Schermann, Rhiannon Vieceli, Lee Wilson, Christofer Wynard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper presents the conceptual design of the IMaGInE (Innovative Mars Global International Exploration) Mission. The mission's objectives are to deliver a crew of four astronauts to the surface of Deimos and perform a robotic exploration mission to Phobos. Over the course of the 343 day mission during the years 2031 and 2032, the crew will perform surface excursions, technology demonstrations, In Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU) of the Martian moons, as well as site reconnaissance for future human exploration of Mars. This mission design makes use of an innovative hybrid propulsion concept (chemical and electric) to deliver a relatively low-mass reusable crewed spacecraft (approximately 100 mt) to cis-martian space. The crew makes use of torpor which minimizes launch payload mass. Green technologies are proposed as a stepping stone towards minimum environmental impact space access. The usage of beamed energy to power a grid of decentralized science stations is introduced, allowing for large scale characterization of the Martian environment. The low-thrust outbound and inbound trajectories are computed through the use of a direct method and a multiple shooting algorithm that considers various thrust and coast sequences to arrive at the final body with zero relative velocity. It is shown that the entire mission is rooted within the current NASA technology roadmap, ongoing scientific investments and feasible with an extrapolated NASA Budget. The presented mission won the 2016 Revolutionary Aerospace Systems Concepts - Academic Linkage (RASC-AL) competition.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-563
Number of pages19
JournalActa Astronautica
Volume139
Early online date3 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2017

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Moon
NASA
Environmental technology
Conceptual design
Propulsion
Environmental impact
Coastal zones
Spacecraft
Robotics
Demonstrations
Trajectories

Keywords

  • Mars
  • Phobos
  • Deimos
  • human exploration
  • Martian moons
  • Mars mission

Cite this

Conte, D., Di Carlo, M., Budzyn, D., Burgoyne, H., Fries, D., Grulich, M., ... Wynard, C. (2017). Advanced concept for a crewed mission to the Martian moons. Acta Astronautica, 139, 545-563. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2017.07.044
Conte, Davide ; Di Carlo, Marilena ; Budzyn, Dorota ; Burgoyne, Hayden ; Fries, Dan ; Grulich, Maria ; Heizmann, Sören ; Jethani, Henna ; Lapôtre, Mathieu ; Roos, Tobias ; Serrano Castillo, Encarnación ; Schermann, Marcel ; Vieceli, Rhiannon ; Wilson, Lee ; Wynard, Christofer. / Advanced concept for a crewed mission to the Martian moons. In: Acta Astronautica. 2017 ; Vol. 139. pp. 545-563.
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Conte, D, Di Carlo, M, Budzyn, D, Burgoyne, H, Fries, D, Grulich, M, Heizmann, S, Jethani, H, Lapôtre, M, Roos, T, Serrano Castillo, E, Schermann, M, Vieceli, R, Wilson, L & Wynard, C 2017, 'Advanced concept for a crewed mission to the Martian moons', Acta Astronautica, vol. 139, pp. 545-563. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2017.07.044

Advanced concept for a crewed mission to the Martian moons. / Conte, Davide; Di Carlo, Marilena; Budzyn, Dorota; Burgoyne, Hayden; Fries, Dan ; Grulich, Maria; Heizmann, Sören ; Jethani, Henna; Lapôtre, Mathieu; Roos, Tobias; Serrano Castillo, Encarnación; Schermann, Marcel; Vieceli, Rhiannon; Wilson, Lee; Wynard, Christofer.

In: Acta Astronautica, Vol. 139, 31.10.2017, p. 545-563.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Advanced concept for a crewed mission to the Martian moons

AU - Conte, Davide

AU - Di Carlo, Marilena

AU - Budzyn, Dorota

AU - Burgoyne, Hayden

AU - Fries, Dan

AU - Grulich, Maria

AU - Heizmann, Sören

AU - Jethani, Henna

AU - Lapôtre, Mathieu

AU - Roos, Tobias

AU - Serrano Castillo, Encarnación

AU - Schermann, Marcel

AU - Vieceli, Rhiannon

AU - Wilson, Lee

AU - Wynard, Christofer

PY - 2017/10/31

Y1 - 2017/10/31

N2 - This paper presents the conceptual design of the IMaGInE (Innovative Mars Global International Exploration) Mission. The mission's objectives are to deliver a crew of four astronauts to the surface of Deimos and perform a robotic exploration mission to Phobos. Over the course of the 343 day mission during the years 2031 and 2032, the crew will perform surface excursions, technology demonstrations, In Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU) of the Martian moons, as well as site reconnaissance for future human exploration of Mars. This mission design makes use of an innovative hybrid propulsion concept (chemical and electric) to deliver a relatively low-mass reusable crewed spacecraft (approximately 100 mt) to cis-martian space. The crew makes use of torpor which minimizes launch payload mass. Green technologies are proposed as a stepping stone towards minimum environmental impact space access. The usage of beamed energy to power a grid of decentralized science stations is introduced, allowing for large scale characterization of the Martian environment. The low-thrust outbound and inbound trajectories are computed through the use of a direct method and a multiple shooting algorithm that considers various thrust and coast sequences to arrive at the final body with zero relative velocity. It is shown that the entire mission is rooted within the current NASA technology roadmap, ongoing scientific investments and feasible with an extrapolated NASA Budget. The presented mission won the 2016 Revolutionary Aerospace Systems Concepts - Academic Linkage (RASC-AL) competition.

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KW - Mars

KW - Phobos

KW - Deimos

KW - human exploration

KW - Martian moons

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Conte D, Di Carlo M, Budzyn D, Burgoyne H, Fries D, Grulich M et al. Advanced concept for a crewed mission to the Martian moons. Acta Astronautica. 2017 Oct 31;139:545-563. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2017.07.044