Adsorption selectivity of CO2 over CH4, N2 and H2 in melamine-resorcinol-formaldehyde xerogels

Ivan A. Principe, Ashleigh J. Fletcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Sorptive selectivity of melamine-resorcinol-formaldehyde xerogels, towards CO2, CH4, N2 and H2, is reported, where all systems demonstrate potential for selective adsorption of CO2 from corresponding binary gas mixtures. Selected gas mixtures represent important gas separation applications found in industry, i.e. CO2 removal from power plant flue gases (CO2-N2), sour gas sweetening (CO2-CH4), and separation of species in the water-gas shift reaction (CO2-H2). All materials tested exhibit microporous character, enhancing adsorption of small molecules, however, it is the inclusion of a nitrogen-rich material into the gel matrix that results in enhanced selectivities for these systems. Despite the porous character of the gels, under the test conditions used to simulate industrial parameters, all three balance gases, i.e. H2, N2 and CH4, showed low affinities for the xerogels, while CO2 adsorption was notably higher and increased with the inclusion and increased concentration of melamine. Ideal Adsorbed Solution Theory was used to demonstrate significant differences in adsorption uptake, especially for CO2-CH4, and high selectivities for CO2 over N2. In all cases, selected xerogels exhibited industrially relevant adsorption timescales for CO2 over competitor gases, demonstrating the potential of these materials for the selective adsorption of CO2 from process streams.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalAdsorption
Early online date23 Jan 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Jan 2020

Fingerprint

melamine
Xerogels
Melamine
xerogels
formaldehyde
Formaldehyde
selectivity
Adsorption
adsorption
gases
Gases
Gas mixtures
gas mixtures
Gels
gels
inclusions
Sour gas
flue gases
Water gas shift
power plants

Keywords

  • CCS
  • sorbents
  • gravimetry
  • kinetics
  • IAST

Cite this

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title = "Adsorption selectivity of CO2 over CH4, N2 and H2 in melamine-resorcinol-formaldehyde xerogels",
abstract = "Sorptive selectivity of melamine-resorcinol-formaldehyde xerogels, towards CO2, CH4, N2 and H2, is reported, where all systems demonstrate potential for selective adsorption of CO2 from corresponding binary gas mixtures. Selected gas mixtures represent important gas separation applications found in industry, i.e. CO2 removal from power plant flue gases (CO2-N2), sour gas sweetening (CO2-CH4), and separation of species in the water-gas shift reaction (CO2-H2). All materials tested exhibit microporous character, enhancing adsorption of small molecules, however, it is the inclusion of a nitrogen-rich material into the gel matrix that results in enhanced selectivities for these systems. Despite the porous character of the gels, under the test conditions used to simulate industrial parameters, all three balance gases, i.e. H2, N2 and CH4, showed low affinities for the xerogels, while CO2 adsorption was notably higher and increased with the inclusion and increased concentration of melamine. Ideal Adsorbed Solution Theory was used to demonstrate significant differences in adsorption uptake, especially for CO2-CH4, and high selectivities for CO2 over N2. In all cases, selected xerogels exhibited industrially relevant adsorption timescales for CO2 over competitor gases, demonstrating the potential of these materials for the selective adsorption of CO2 from process streams.",
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Adsorption selectivity of CO2 over CH4, N2 and H2 in melamine-resorcinol-formaldehyde xerogels. / Principe, Ivan A.; Fletcher, Ashleigh J.

In: Adsorption, 23.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Principe, Ivan A.

AU - Fletcher, Ashleigh J.

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Y1 - 2020/1/23

N2 - Sorptive selectivity of melamine-resorcinol-formaldehyde xerogels, towards CO2, CH4, N2 and H2, is reported, where all systems demonstrate potential for selective adsorption of CO2 from corresponding binary gas mixtures. Selected gas mixtures represent important gas separation applications found in industry, i.e. CO2 removal from power plant flue gases (CO2-N2), sour gas sweetening (CO2-CH4), and separation of species in the water-gas shift reaction (CO2-H2). All materials tested exhibit microporous character, enhancing adsorption of small molecules, however, it is the inclusion of a nitrogen-rich material into the gel matrix that results in enhanced selectivities for these systems. Despite the porous character of the gels, under the test conditions used to simulate industrial parameters, all three balance gases, i.e. H2, N2 and CH4, showed low affinities for the xerogels, while CO2 adsorption was notably higher and increased with the inclusion and increased concentration of melamine. Ideal Adsorbed Solution Theory was used to demonstrate significant differences in adsorption uptake, especially for CO2-CH4, and high selectivities for CO2 over N2. In all cases, selected xerogels exhibited industrially relevant adsorption timescales for CO2 over competitor gases, demonstrating the potential of these materials for the selective adsorption of CO2 from process streams.

AB - Sorptive selectivity of melamine-resorcinol-formaldehyde xerogels, towards CO2, CH4, N2 and H2, is reported, where all systems demonstrate potential for selective adsorption of CO2 from corresponding binary gas mixtures. Selected gas mixtures represent important gas separation applications found in industry, i.e. CO2 removal from power plant flue gases (CO2-N2), sour gas sweetening (CO2-CH4), and separation of species in the water-gas shift reaction (CO2-H2). All materials tested exhibit microporous character, enhancing adsorption of small molecules, however, it is the inclusion of a nitrogen-rich material into the gel matrix that results in enhanced selectivities for these systems. Despite the porous character of the gels, under the test conditions used to simulate industrial parameters, all three balance gases, i.e. H2, N2 and CH4, showed low affinities for the xerogels, while CO2 adsorption was notably higher and increased with the inclusion and increased concentration of melamine. Ideal Adsorbed Solution Theory was used to demonstrate significant differences in adsorption uptake, especially for CO2-CH4, and high selectivities for CO2 over N2. In all cases, selected xerogels exhibited industrially relevant adsorption timescales for CO2 over competitor gases, demonstrating the potential of these materials for the selective adsorption of CO2 from process streams.

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