Adsorption of organic vapour pollutants on activated carbon

A.J. Fletcher, M.J. Kennedy, X.B. Zhao, Jon Bell, K.M. Thomas, J.P . Mota (Editor), S. Lyubchik (Editor)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Emissions of organic vapor pollutants, arising mainly from anthropogenic sources have major environmental impact and the low emission levels required by increasingly stringent legislation are difficult to achieve. Adsorption on activated carbon can be used as a final stage for removal of very low concentrations of volatile organic pollutants present in air and gas streams. Isotherms and adsorption kinetics for a range of carbons with different porous structures and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with a range of properties provide an improved understanding of the relationship between pore structure, adsorptive properties and adsorption characteristics. Competitive adsorption of other species present in gas flows, in particular water vapor, reduces adsorption capacity and kinetics. Laboratory measurements, which simulate process conditions, for example, very low vapor pressure, high temperature and competitive adsorption; provide an insight into the mechanisms associated with adsorption processes allowing process optimization.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationRecent Advances in Adsorption Processes for Environmental Protection and Security
Place of PublicationDordrecht, The Netherlands
Pages29-54
Number of pages25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Publication series

NameNato Science for Peace and Security Series C - Environmental Security
PublisherSpringer Netherlands

Fingerprint

activated carbon
adsorption
pollutant
kinetics
anthropogenic source
gas flow
vapor pressure
organic pollutant
volatile organic compound
low pressure
water vapor
legislation
isotherm
environmental impact
carbon
air
gas

Keywords

  • emissions
  • adsorption
  • organic vapour pollutant
  • activated carbon
  • legislation
  • volatile organic pollutant
  • volatile organic compound
  • isotherm
  • kinetics

Cite this

Fletcher, A. J., Kennedy, M. J., Zhao, X. B., Bell, J., Thomas, K. M., Mota, J. P. . (Ed.), & Lyubchik, S. (Ed.) (2008). Adsorption of organic vapour pollutants on activated carbon. In Recent Advances in Adsorption Processes for Environmental Protection and Security (pp. 29-54). (Nato Science for Peace and Security Series C - Environmental Security). Dordrecht, The Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6805-8_4
Fletcher, A.J. ; Kennedy, M.J. ; Zhao, X.B. ; Bell, Jon ; Thomas, K.M. ; Mota, J.P . (Editor) ; Lyubchik, S. (Editor). / Adsorption of organic vapour pollutants on activated carbon. Recent Advances in Adsorption Processes for Environmental Protection and Security. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2008. pp. 29-54 (Nato Science for Peace and Security Series C - Environmental Security).
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abstract = "Emissions of organic vapor pollutants, arising mainly from anthropogenic sources have major environmental impact and the low emission levels required by increasingly stringent legislation are difficult to achieve. Adsorption on activated carbon can be used as a final stage for removal of very low concentrations of volatile organic pollutants present in air and gas streams. Isotherms and adsorption kinetics for a range of carbons with different porous structures and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with a range of properties provide an improved understanding of the relationship between pore structure, adsorptive properties and adsorption characteristics. Competitive adsorption of other species present in gas flows, in particular water vapor, reduces adsorption capacity and kinetics. Laboratory measurements, which simulate process conditions, for example, very low vapor pressure, high temperature and competitive adsorption; provide an insight into the mechanisms associated with adsorption processes allowing process optimization.",
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Fletcher, AJ, Kennedy, MJ, Zhao, XB, Bell, J, Thomas, KM, Mota, JP (ed.) & Lyubchik, S (ed.) 2008, Adsorption of organic vapour pollutants on activated carbon. in Recent Advances in Adsorption Processes for Environmental Protection and Security. Nato Science for Peace and Security Series C - Environmental Security, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 29-54. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6805-8_4

Adsorption of organic vapour pollutants on activated carbon. / Fletcher, A.J.; Kennedy, M.J.; Zhao, X.B.; Bell, Jon; Thomas, K.M.; Mota, J.P . (Editor); Lyubchik, S. (Editor).

Recent Advances in Adsorption Processes for Environmental Protection and Security. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2008. p. 29-54 (Nato Science for Peace and Security Series C - Environmental Security).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

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AU - Kennedy, M.J.

AU - Zhao, X.B.

AU - Bell, Jon

AU - Thomas, K.M.

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KW - emissions

KW - adsorption

KW - organic vapour pollutant

KW - activated carbon

KW - legislation

KW - volatile organic pollutant

KW - volatile organic compound

KW - isotherm

KW - kinetics

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SN - 9781402068034

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SP - 29

EP - 54

BT - Recent Advances in Adsorption Processes for Environmental Protection and Security

CY - Dordrecht, The Netherlands

ER -

Fletcher AJ, Kennedy MJ, Zhao XB, Bell J, Thomas KM, Mota JP, (ed.) et al. Adsorption of organic vapour pollutants on activated carbon. In Recent Advances in Adsorption Processes for Environmental Protection and Security. Dordrecht, The Netherlands. 2008. p. 29-54. (Nato Science for Peace and Security Series C - Environmental Security). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6805-8_4