Adsorption kinetic study: effect of adsorbent pore size distribution on the rate of Cr (VI) uptake

Salah Ali Mahgoub Idris, Khalid Mohammed N Alotaibi, Tanya A. Peshkur, Peter Anderson, Michael A. Morris, Lorraine Gibson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adsorbents were synthesized to obtain novel silica nanoparticles with a broad pore-size distribution (herein referred to as USG-41). The material demonstrated fast adsorption rates with highest adsorption capacities following Langmuir adsorption. Kinetic data best fit the intraparticle diffusion model demonstrating a two-step, surface and pore, adsorption process with pore diffusion being the rate determining step. This data provides key evidence of internal pore chelation of dichromate ions by USG-41. In contrast silica adsorbents (SBA-15 and MCM-41) prepared with similar average pore sizes to USG-41, but with narrow pore-size distributions, had lower adsorption capacities and their kinetic date best fit pseudo-second order diffusion models indicating a one-step, surface only, adsorption process. This study clearly demonstrated that pores size distribution, not the surface area or the average pore size, was central to ensure optimum adsorbent performance for removal of Cr (VI) from contaminated water.
LanguageEnglish
Pages99-105
Number of pages7
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume165
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

Fingerprint

adsorbents
Adsorbents
Pore size
porosity
Adsorption
Kinetics
adsorption
kinetics
Silicon Dioxide
Silica
Multicarrier modulation
Chelation
silicon dioxide
chelation
chromates
chromium hexavalent ion
Ions
Nanoparticles
Water
nanoparticles

Keywords

  • equilibrium isotherms
  • Cr (VI) sorption
  • mesoporous silica
  • sorption kinetics

Cite this

Idris, Salah Ali Mahgoub ; Alotaibi, Khalid Mohammed N ; Peshkur, Tanya A. ; Anderson, Peter ; Morris, Michael A. ; Gibson, Lorraine. / Adsorption kinetic study : effect of adsorbent pore size distribution on the rate of Cr (VI) uptake. In: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials. 2013 ; Vol. 165. pp. 99-105.
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Adsorption kinetic study : effect of adsorbent pore size distribution on the rate of Cr (VI) uptake. / Idris, Salah Ali Mahgoub; Alotaibi, Khalid Mohammed N; Peshkur, Tanya A.; Anderson, Peter; Morris, Michael A.; Gibson, Lorraine.

In: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Vol. 165, 01.01.2013, p. 99-105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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