Adaptive unit protection for lines connecting large solar plants using incremental current ratio

Arghadeep Chowdhury, Subhadeep Paladhi, Ashok Kumar Pradhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
40 Downloads (Pure)


Control schemes in a solar plant complying with different grid codes modulate the output voltage and current significantly during the fault. In this article, the issue with conventional current differential approaches for the line connecting the large solar plant is analyzed and a new protection technique using both end incremental current phasors is proposed. The proposed method uses two criteria to identify the internal faults in such connectivity. The first criterion is based on the ratio of both end incremental phase current phasors, and the second one uses the magnitude ratio of positive sequence incremental currents. Both the criteria are adaptive to line terminal currents and complement each other enriching the method applicable for any system condition. The performance of the proposed method is tested for different internal and external fault cases and found to be accurate. The compatibility of the proposed method is also validated using a real-time simulator. Comparative assessment with conventional current differential techniques reveals the superiority of the proposed approach.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Systems Journal
Early online date20 Sept 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Sept 2021


  • adaptive relaying
  • line differential protection
  • power system faults
  • solar photovoltaic (PV) power plant


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