Activity related energy expenditure, appetite and energy intake. Potential implications for weight management

D.M. Harrington, C.K. Martin, E. Ravussin, P.T. Katzmarzyk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim was to investigate relationships between activity related energy expenditure (AREE), appetite ratings and energy intake (EI) in a sample of 40 male (26.4years; BMI 23.5kg/m2) and 42 female (26.9years; BMI 22.4kg/m2) participants. AREE was expressed as the residual value of the regression between total daily EE (by doubly labeled water) and resting EE (by indirect calorimetry). EI was measured using an ad libitum buffet meal and visual analogue scales measured subjective appetite ratings before and after the meal. AREE was divided into low, middle and high sex-specific tertiles. General linear models were used to investigate differences in appetite ratings and EI across AREE tertiles. Before the meal, males in the high AREE tertile had significantly lower desire to eat and lower prospective food consumption and higher feelings of fullness compared to those in the low tertile. Males in the middle tertile had significantly higher satiety quotients after the meal and lower EI compared to the other tertiles. No significant differences across tertiles were found in females. Sex differences in relationships between AREE, appetite ratings and EI may lead to differing patterns of EI and subsequent weight maintenance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalAppetite
Volume67
Early online date22 Mar 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2013

Keywords

  • doubly labeled water
  • fullness
  • habitual physical activity
  • hunger
  • visual analogue scale
  • activity related energy expenditure
  • adult
  • appetite
  • article
  • body mass
  • body weight
  • caloric intake
  • energy expenditure
  • female
  • food intake
  • human
  • major clinical study
  • male
  • obesity
  • physical activity
  • prospective study
  • satiety
  • sex difference
  • visual analog scale
  • weight gain

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