Active control of DC fault currents in DC solid-state transformers during ride-through operation of multi-terminal HVDC systems

Rui Li, Lie Xu, Liangzhong Yao, Barry Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When a pole-to-pole dc fault occurs in a multi-terminal HVDC system, it is desirable that the stations and dc solid-state transformers on healthy cables continue contributing to power transfer, rather than blocking. To reduce the fault current of a modular multilevel converter based dc solid-state transformer, active fault current control is proposed, where the dc and ac components of fault arm currents are regulated independently. By dynamically regulating the dc offset of the arm voltage rather than being set at half the rated dc voltage, the dc component in the fault current is reduced significantly. Additionally, reduced ac voltage operation of the dc solid-state transformer during the fault is proposed, where the ac voltage of transformer is actively limited in the controllable range of both converters in the transformer to effectively suppress the ac component of the fault current. The fault arm current peak and the energy absorbed by the surge arrester in the dc circuit breakers are reduced by 31.8% and 4.9% respectively, thereby lowering the capacities of switching devices and circuit breakers. Alternatively, with the same fault current level, the dc-link node inductance can be halved by using the proposed control, yielding lowered cost and volume. The novel active fault current control mechanism and the necessary control strategy are presented and simulation results confirm its feasibility.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion
Early online date1 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Jun 2016

Fingerprint

Electric fault currents
Electric circuit breakers
Electric current control
Electric potential
Poles
Inductance
Cables
Costs

Keywords

  • active fault current control
  • average model
  • dc fault protection
  • dc solid-state transformer
  • modular multilevel converter (MMC)
  • multi-terminal HVDC system
  • ride-through operation

Cite this

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title = "Active control of DC fault currents in DC solid-state transformers during ride-through operation of multi-terminal HVDC systems",
abstract = "When a pole-to-pole dc fault occurs in a multi-terminal HVDC system, it is desirable that the stations and dc solid-state transformers on healthy cables continue contributing to power transfer, rather than blocking. To reduce the fault current of a modular multilevel converter based dc solid-state transformer, active fault current control is proposed, where the dc and ac components of fault arm currents are regulated independently. By dynamically regulating the dc offset of the arm voltage rather than being set at half the rated dc voltage, the dc component in the fault current is reduced significantly. Additionally, reduced ac voltage operation of the dc solid-state transformer during the fault is proposed, where the ac voltage of transformer is actively limited in the controllable range of both converters in the transformer to effectively suppress the ac component of the fault current. The fault arm current peak and the energy absorbed by the surge arrester in the dc circuit breakers are reduced by 31.8{\%} and 4.9{\%} respectively, thereby lowering the capacities of switching devices and circuit breakers. Alternatively, with the same fault current level, the dc-link node inductance can be halved by using the proposed control, yielding lowered cost and volume. The novel active fault current control mechanism and the necessary control strategy are presented and simulation results confirm its feasibility.",
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AU - Williams, Barry

N1 - (c) 2016 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.

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N2 - When a pole-to-pole dc fault occurs in a multi-terminal HVDC system, it is desirable that the stations and dc solid-state transformers on healthy cables continue contributing to power transfer, rather than blocking. To reduce the fault current of a modular multilevel converter based dc solid-state transformer, active fault current control is proposed, where the dc and ac components of fault arm currents are regulated independently. By dynamically regulating the dc offset of the arm voltage rather than being set at half the rated dc voltage, the dc component in the fault current is reduced significantly. Additionally, reduced ac voltage operation of the dc solid-state transformer during the fault is proposed, where the ac voltage of transformer is actively limited in the controllable range of both converters in the transformer to effectively suppress the ac component of the fault current. The fault arm current peak and the energy absorbed by the surge arrester in the dc circuit breakers are reduced by 31.8% and 4.9% respectively, thereby lowering the capacities of switching devices and circuit breakers. Alternatively, with the same fault current level, the dc-link node inductance can be halved by using the proposed control, yielding lowered cost and volume. The novel active fault current control mechanism and the necessary control strategy are presented and simulation results confirm its feasibility.

AB - When a pole-to-pole dc fault occurs in a multi-terminal HVDC system, it is desirable that the stations and dc solid-state transformers on healthy cables continue contributing to power transfer, rather than blocking. To reduce the fault current of a modular multilevel converter based dc solid-state transformer, active fault current control is proposed, where the dc and ac components of fault arm currents are regulated independently. By dynamically regulating the dc offset of the arm voltage rather than being set at half the rated dc voltage, the dc component in the fault current is reduced significantly. Additionally, reduced ac voltage operation of the dc solid-state transformer during the fault is proposed, where the ac voltage of transformer is actively limited in the controllable range of both converters in the transformer to effectively suppress the ac component of the fault current. The fault arm current peak and the energy absorbed by the surge arrester in the dc circuit breakers are reduced by 31.8% and 4.9% respectively, thereby lowering the capacities of switching devices and circuit breakers. Alternatively, with the same fault current level, the dc-link node inductance can be halved by using the proposed control, yielding lowered cost and volume. The novel active fault current control mechanism and the necessary control strategy are presented and simulation results confirm its feasibility.

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