Acoustic markers of sentence stress in children with dysarthria and cerebral palsy

Research output: Contribution to conferenceSpeech

Abstract

Developmental dysarthria in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is often associated with respiratory and phonatory difficulties as well as vocal tract dysfunction, which can affect prosodic control. However, only few studies have investigated the use of prosody in children with dysarthria and CP in greater detail, with little information on the use of acoustic cues to mark linguistic functions. This study aims to increase our current understanding of prosodic abilities in children with dysarthria and CP by investigating children’s ability to stress words in short utterances. Eight children with dysarthria due to CP and eight matched typically-developing children completed a picture description task eliciting stress in different utterance positions. Data were analysed acoustically obtaining measures on duration, intensity and fundamental frequency (F0). Results show that the typically-developing children used all three acoustic parameters to mark stress, whereas the children with dysarthria only employed duration to differentiate between stressed and unstressed words. The findings suggest that the current group of children with CP had some control of the temporal aspects of speech, but were unable to manipulate F0 and intensity to the same effect.

Conference

Conference18th Biennial Conference on Motor Speech
CountryUnited States
CityNewpost Beach
Period3/03/166/03/16

Fingerprint

Dysarthria
Cerebral Palsy
Acoustics
Aptitude
Linguistics
Cues

Keywords

  • acoustic markers
  • sentence stress
  • children with dysarthria
  • children with cerebral palsy

Cite this

Kuschmann, A., & Lowit, A. (2016). Acoustic markers of sentence stress in children with dysarthria and cerebral palsy. 18th Biennial Conference on Motor Speech, Newpost Beach, United States.
Kuschmann, Anja ; Lowit, Anja. / Acoustic markers of sentence stress in children with dysarthria and cerebral palsy. 18th Biennial Conference on Motor Speech, Newpost Beach, United States.
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abstract = "Developmental dysarthria in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is often associated with respiratory and phonatory difficulties as well as vocal tract dysfunction, which can affect prosodic control. However, only few studies have investigated the use of prosody in children with dysarthria and CP in greater detail, with little information on the use of acoustic cues to mark linguistic functions. This study aims to increase our current understanding of prosodic abilities in children with dysarthria and CP by investigating children’s ability to stress words in short utterances. Eight children with dysarthria due to CP and eight matched typically-developing children completed a picture description task eliciting stress in different utterance positions. Data were analysed acoustically obtaining measures on duration, intensity and fundamental frequency (F0). Results show that the typically-developing children used all three acoustic parameters to mark stress, whereas the children with dysarthria only employed duration to differentiate between stressed and unstressed words. The findings suggest that the current group of children with CP had some control of the temporal aspects of speech, but were unable to manipulate F0 and intensity to the same effect.",
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note = "18th Biennial Conference on Motor Speech ; Conference date: 03-03-2016 Through 06-03-2016",

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Kuschmann, A & Lowit, A 2016, 'Acoustic markers of sentence stress in children with dysarthria and cerebral palsy' 18th Biennial Conference on Motor Speech, Newpost Beach, United States, 3/03/16 - 6/03/16, .

Acoustic markers of sentence stress in children with dysarthria and cerebral palsy. / Kuschmann, Anja; Lowit, Anja.

2016. 18th Biennial Conference on Motor Speech, Newpost Beach, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceSpeech

TY - CONF

T1 - Acoustic markers of sentence stress in children with dysarthria and cerebral palsy

AU - Kuschmann, Anja

AU - Lowit, Anja

PY - 2016/3/6

Y1 - 2016/3/6

N2 - Developmental dysarthria in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is often associated with respiratory and phonatory difficulties as well as vocal tract dysfunction, which can affect prosodic control. However, only few studies have investigated the use of prosody in children with dysarthria and CP in greater detail, with little information on the use of acoustic cues to mark linguistic functions. This study aims to increase our current understanding of prosodic abilities in children with dysarthria and CP by investigating children’s ability to stress words in short utterances. Eight children with dysarthria due to CP and eight matched typically-developing children completed a picture description task eliciting stress in different utterance positions. Data were analysed acoustically obtaining measures on duration, intensity and fundamental frequency (F0). Results show that the typically-developing children used all three acoustic parameters to mark stress, whereas the children with dysarthria only employed duration to differentiate between stressed and unstressed words. The findings suggest that the current group of children with CP had some control of the temporal aspects of speech, but were unable to manipulate F0 and intensity to the same effect.

AB - Developmental dysarthria in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is often associated with respiratory and phonatory difficulties as well as vocal tract dysfunction, which can affect prosodic control. However, only few studies have investigated the use of prosody in children with dysarthria and CP in greater detail, with little information on the use of acoustic cues to mark linguistic functions. This study aims to increase our current understanding of prosodic abilities in children with dysarthria and CP by investigating children’s ability to stress words in short utterances. Eight children with dysarthria due to CP and eight matched typically-developing children completed a picture description task eliciting stress in different utterance positions. Data were analysed acoustically obtaining measures on duration, intensity and fundamental frequency (F0). Results show that the typically-developing children used all three acoustic parameters to mark stress, whereas the children with dysarthria only employed duration to differentiate between stressed and unstressed words. The findings suggest that the current group of children with CP had some control of the temporal aspects of speech, but were unable to manipulate F0 and intensity to the same effect.

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KW - sentence stress

KW - children with dysarthria

KW - children with cerebral palsy

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M3 - Speech

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Kuschmann A, Lowit A. Acoustic markers of sentence stress in children with dysarthria and cerebral palsy. 2016. 18th Biennial Conference on Motor Speech, Newpost Beach, United States.