Acoustic impulses generated by air-bubble stimulated underwater spark discharges

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Abstract

Considerable research efforts have been expended in investigating and optimising the emission of acoustic pressure impulses by high power spark discharges in water. Several methods are typically used to generate transient underwater spark discharges, including breakdown of water by stressing electrode(s) with HV impulses, initiation of spark discharges with thin metallic wires placed between opposite electrodes and by injecting gas bubbles into the inter-electrode gap. This paper is aimed at the investigation of the acoustic, hydrodynamic and electrical characteristics of underwater spark discharges initiated by injected air-bubbles. At a constant applied voltage, the injection of air bubbles allows the inter-electrode gap to be increased thus producing stronger acoustic impulses. This paper reports on the impact of injected air bubbles on the characteristics of transient underwater plasma discharges and on the functional relationships between hydrodynamic and electrical parameters of such discharges, including breakdown voltage, plasma resistance, energy delivered into the plasma cavity and the period of gas/plasma cavity oscillation. An analytical model which relates the acoustic efficiency, plasma resistance and energy available in discharge has been developed which can be used for the optimisation and tailoring of underwater plasma-acoustic sources.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1915-1923
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Oct 2018

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Bubbles (in fluids)
Electric sparks
Discharge (fluid mechanics)
Acoustics
Plasmas
Air
Electrodes
Hydrodynamics
Electric breakdown
Gases
Water
Analytical models
Wire
Electric potential

Keywords

  • underwater spark discharges
  • acoustic emission
  • hydrodynamics

Cite this

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title = "Acoustic impulses generated by air-bubble stimulated underwater spark discharges",
abstract = "Considerable research efforts have been expended in investigating and optimising the emission of acoustic pressure impulses by high power spark discharges in water. Several methods are typically used to generate transient underwater spark discharges, including breakdown of water by stressing electrode(s) with HV impulses, initiation of spark discharges with thin metallic wires placed between opposite electrodes and by injecting gas bubbles into the inter-electrode gap. This paper is aimed at the investigation of the acoustic, hydrodynamic and electrical characteristics of underwater spark discharges initiated by injected air-bubbles. At a constant applied voltage, the injection of air bubbles allows the inter-electrode gap to be increased thus producing stronger acoustic impulses. This paper reports on the impact of injected air bubbles on the characteristics of transient underwater plasma discharges and on the functional relationships between hydrodynamic and electrical parameters of such discharges, including breakdown voltage, plasma resistance, energy delivered into the plasma cavity and the period of gas/plasma cavity oscillation. An analytical model which relates the acoustic efficiency, plasma resistance and energy available in discharge has been developed which can be used for the optimisation and tailoring of underwater plasma-acoustic sources.",
keywords = "underwater spark discharges, acoustic emission, hydrodynamics",
author = "Y. Sun and Timoshkin, {I. V.} and Given, {M. J.} and Wilson, {M. P.} and T. Wang and MacGregor, {S. J.} and N. Bonifaci",
note = "{\circledC} 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.",
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AU - Given, M. J.

AU - Wilson, M. P.

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AU - MacGregor, S. J.

AU - Bonifaci, N.

N1 - © 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

PY - 2018/10/8

Y1 - 2018/10/8

N2 - Considerable research efforts have been expended in investigating and optimising the emission of acoustic pressure impulses by high power spark discharges in water. Several methods are typically used to generate transient underwater spark discharges, including breakdown of water by stressing electrode(s) with HV impulses, initiation of spark discharges with thin metallic wires placed between opposite electrodes and by injecting gas bubbles into the inter-electrode gap. This paper is aimed at the investigation of the acoustic, hydrodynamic and electrical characteristics of underwater spark discharges initiated by injected air-bubbles. At a constant applied voltage, the injection of air bubbles allows the inter-electrode gap to be increased thus producing stronger acoustic impulses. This paper reports on the impact of injected air bubbles on the characteristics of transient underwater plasma discharges and on the functional relationships between hydrodynamic and electrical parameters of such discharges, including breakdown voltage, plasma resistance, energy delivered into the plasma cavity and the period of gas/plasma cavity oscillation. An analytical model which relates the acoustic efficiency, plasma resistance and energy available in discharge has been developed which can be used for the optimisation and tailoring of underwater plasma-acoustic sources.

AB - Considerable research efforts have been expended in investigating and optimising the emission of acoustic pressure impulses by high power spark discharges in water. Several methods are typically used to generate transient underwater spark discharges, including breakdown of water by stressing electrode(s) with HV impulses, initiation of spark discharges with thin metallic wires placed between opposite electrodes and by injecting gas bubbles into the inter-electrode gap. This paper is aimed at the investigation of the acoustic, hydrodynamic and electrical characteristics of underwater spark discharges initiated by injected air-bubbles. At a constant applied voltage, the injection of air bubbles allows the inter-electrode gap to be increased thus producing stronger acoustic impulses. This paper reports on the impact of injected air bubbles on the characteristics of transient underwater plasma discharges and on the functional relationships between hydrodynamic and electrical parameters of such discharges, including breakdown voltage, plasma resistance, energy delivered into the plasma cavity and the period of gas/plasma cavity oscillation. An analytical model which relates the acoustic efficiency, plasma resistance and energy available in discharge has been developed which can be used for the optimisation and tailoring of underwater plasma-acoustic sources.

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